Amoxy Active 697 Mg/G Oral Powder For Pigs And Chickens
Issued: June 2014
Summary of Product Characteristics
1. NAME OF THE VETERINARY MEDICINAL PRODUCT
AMOXY ACTIVE, 697 mg/g, oral powder for pigs and chickens (AT, BE, BG, DE, EL, HU, IE, IT, NL, PL, RO, UK)
AMDOCYL, 697 mg/g, oral powder for pigs and chickens (DK, EE, FR, LT, LV)
2. QUALITATIVE AND QUANTITATIVE COMPOSITION
Each gram contains:
Amoxicillin 697 mg
as amoxicilline trihydrate 800 mg
For a full list of excipients, see section 6.1.
3. PHARMAPEUTICAL FORM
Oral powder .
White to off-white powder.
4. CLINICAL PARTICULARS
4.1 Target species
Pig and chicken (broiler, pullet, breeder).
4.2 Indications for use, specifying the target species
Pigs: Treatment of respiratory tract infections, gastro-intestinal tract infections, urogenital infections, ear necrosis, secondary infections following viral infections and septicemia caused by micro-organisms susceptible to amoxicillin
Chickens: Treatment of respiratory tract infections and gastro-intestinal tract infections caused by micro-organisms susceptible to amoxicillin.
Do not use in animals with hypersensitivity to penicillins or other substances from the beta-lactam group.
Do not use in the presence of ß-lactamase-producing bacteria.
Do not use in lagomorphs and rodents such as guinea pigs, hamsters or gerbils.
Do not use in animals with serious kidney malfunction including anuria and oliguria.
Do not use in ruminants or horses.
4.4 Special warnings for each target species
Sick animals have an altered drinking behaviour and should be medicated parenterally where applicable.
4.5 Special precautions for use
Special precautions for use in animals
Official, national and regional antimicrobial policies should be taken into account when the
product is used.
Use of the product should be based on susceptibility testing of the bacteria isolated from the
animal. If this is not possible, therapy should be based on local (regional, farm level)
epidemiological information about susceptibility of the target bacteria.
Use of the product deviating from the instructions given in the SPC may increase the prevalence of bacteria resistant to the amoxicillin and may decrease the effectiveness of the treatment.
Special precautions to be taken by the person administering the veterinary medicinal product to animals
Penicillins may cause hypersensitivity (allergy) following injection, inhalation, ingestion or skin contact. Hypersensitivity to penicillins may cause cross reactions to cephalosporins and vice versa. Allergic reactions to these substances may occasionally be serious.
People with known hypersensitivity to beta-lactam antibiotics should avoid handling the product.
Handle this product with great care to avoid exposure, taking all recommended precautions.
Wear gloves and either a disposable half mask respirator conforming to European Standard EN149 or a non-disposable respirator conforming to European Standard EN140 with a filter to EN 143 when mixing and handling the product. Wash hands after use.
In case of contact with eyes or skin, wash immediately with water.
If you develop symptoms following exposure, such as a skin rash, you should seek medical advice and show the doctor this warning. Swelling of the face, lips or eyes or difficulty with breathing are more serious symptoms and require urgent medical attention.
4.6 Adverse reactions (frequency and seriousness)
Penicillins and cephalosporins may cause hypersensitivity following administration. Allergic reactions to these substances may occasionally be serious.
4.7 Use during pregnancy, lactation or lay
The safety of the veterinary medicinal product has not been established during pregnancy and lactation.
Laboratory studies in rats and rabbits have not produced any evidence of a teratogenic, foetotoxic or maternotoxic effects.
Use only accordingly to the benefit/risk assessment by the responsible veterinarian.
4.8 Interaction with other medicinal products and other forms of interaction
Do not combine with bacteriostatic antibiotics.
4.9 Amounts to be administered and administration route
For oral administration
In drinking water use and in-feed use in pigs.
In drinking water use in chicken.
The recommended dose is 11.2 mg amoxicillin per kg of body weight daily (corresponding to 16.1 mg of the veterinary medicinal product per 1 kg of body weight per day) given for 3 - 5 consecutive days.
The recommended dose is 20 mg amoxicillin per kg of body weight daily (corresponding to 28.7 mg of the veterinary medicinal product per 1 kg of body weight per day) given for 3 - 5 consecutive days.
In drinking water use
For the preparation of medicated water the body weight of the animals to be treated and their actual daily water consumption should be taken into account. Consumption may vary depending on factors like species, age, state of health, breed and husbandry system (e.g. different temperature, different light regimes). In order to obtain the correct dosage the concentration of amoxicillin has to be adjusted accordingly.
Preparation of medicated water should provide an amount to be consumed within the next 12 hours. Any unused medicated water should be discarded after 12 hours, and freshly medicated water for the next 12 hours should be prepared.
The following formula may be used to calculate the required amount of veterinary medicinal product in mg per litre drinking water:
…mg product/ kg body x mean body weight (kg)
weight/day of animals to be treated
= … mg product per
mean daily water consumption (litre) per animal litre of drinking water
The veterinary medicinal product should be added to the drinking water by thorough stirring until the product is completely dissolved. Maximum solubility of the product in water is approximately 6 g/litre. Sufficient access to the system of water supply should be available for the animals to be treated to ensure adequate water consumption. No other source of drinking water should be available during the medication period. In free range husbandry systems animals should be kept in the stable during treatment.
Where applicable the water supply system should be cleaned appropriately after the end of the medication period to avoid intake of sub-therapeutic amounts of the active substance.
The product may also be offered via the feed at the recommended daily dose. This way of administration is only intended for the treatment of individual pigs on farms where only a small number of pigs are to receive the treatment. Only the pack size of 100 g is suitable for the in-feed use.
Larger groups should be treated with medicated drinking water.
Before each administration the powder should be thoroughly mixed into a small amount of food and should be given directly to the animal before the main ration. Care should be taken that the intended dose will be completely ingested.
To ensure a correct dosage, body weight should be determined as accurately as possible to avoid underdosing.
4.10 Overdose (symptoms, emergency procedures, antidotes), if necessary
In case of overdosing no other effects are known than mentioned in section 4.6 adverse reactions.
4.11 Withdrawal period(s)
Pigs: meat and offal: 2 days.
Chickens: meat and offal: 1 day.
Not authorised for use in birds producing eggs for human consumption.
Do not use within 4 weeks before the onset of the laying period.
5. Pharmacological Properties
Pharmacotherapeutic group: Beta-lactam antibacterials, Penicillins
5.1 Pharmacodynamic properties
Amoxicillin, is a broad-spectrum penicillin with bactericidal action against many Gram-positive and Gram negative bacteria.
It owes its activity to the inhibition of the development of the peptidoglycan network structure in the bacterial cell wall.
Amoxicillin is acid resistant, but is not resistant to the action of beta-lactamases.
5.2 Pharmacokinetic properties
Amoxicillin is rapidly and almost completely absorbed from the gastrointestinal tractand is stable in the presence of gastric acids. Maximum amoxicillin concentrations are reached within 1-2 hours. Serum protein binding is low. Amoxicillin is widely distributed throughout the body.
Amoxicillin is mainly eliminated via the kidneys in the active formto give high concentrations in renal tissue and urine. A smaller part of the administered dose of amoxicillin is excreted in the bile.
6. pharmaceutical particulars
List of excipients
Do not mix with other veterinary medicinal products.
Shelf life of the veterinary medicinal product as packaged for sale: 3 years.
Shelf life after first opening of the immediate packaging: 28 days.
Shelf life after reconstitution in drinking water: 12 hours.
Shelf-life after addition to the feed: use immediately.
6.4. Special precautions for storage
Store below 25 ºC.
Store in the original container.
6.5 Nature and composition of immediate packaging
- Securitainer: white polypropylene container , covered with a low-density polyethylene lid.
The securitainer contains 100 g, 250g, 500 g or 1 kg of product.
- Bucket: white polypropylene bucket provided with a polypropylene lid.
The bucket contains 1, 2.5 or 5 kg of product.
Not all pack sizes may be marketed.
6.6 Special precautions for the disposal of unused veterinary medicinal products or waste materials derived from the use of such products
Any unused veterinary medicinal product or waste materials derived from such veterinary medicinal product should be disposed of in accordance with local requirements.
7. MARKETING AUTHORISATION HOLDER
Dopharma Research B.V.
4941 VX Raamsdonksveer The Netherlands
8. MARKETING AUTHORISATION NUMBER
9. date of the first authorisation
27 June 2014
10. DATE OF REVISION OF THE TEXT
PROHIBITION OF SALE, SUPPLY AND/OR USE
On veterinary prescription only.
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