Bayvarol 3.6 Mg Bee-Hive Strips For Honey Bees
Revised: December 2011
SUMMARY OF PRODUCT CHARACTERISTICS
1. NAME OF THE VETERINARY MEDICINAL PRODUCT
Bayvarol 3.6 mg Bee-hive strips for honey bees
2. QUALITATIVE AND QUANTITATIVE COMPOSITION
One Bee-hive strip contains:
Flumethrin (85%) 4.23 mg
(equivalent to 3.6 mg Flumethrin 100%)
For a full list of excipients, see section 6.1
3. PHARMACEUTICAL FORM
Milky white plastic strips.
4. CLINICAL PARTICULARS
4.1 Target species
4.2 Indications for use, specifying the target species
For the diagnosis and control of flumethrin sensitive Varroa jacobsoni in honeybees.
4.4 Special warnings for each target species
4.5 Special precautions for use
i) Special precautions for use in animals
ii) Special precautions to be taken by the person administering the veterinary medicinal product to animals
Wash hands after handling the strips, before meals and after work. When using do not eat drink or smoke.
Do not open foil bags until immediately prior to use.
Avoid the strips coming into contact with honey to be harvested for human consumption.
iii) Other precautions
4.6 Adverse reactions (frequency and seriousness)
There were no adverse effects in those colonies treated with Bayvarol strips and those with a placebo control.
4.7 Use during pregnancy, lactation or lay
4.8 Interaction with other medicinal products and other forms of interaction
4.9 Amount(s) to be administered and administration route
Bayvarol strips are intended for in-hive use.
Bayvarol Strips are suspended into the spaces between the combs in the central brood-rearing area in such a way that they can be occupied by bees on both sides. Both tabs are bent upwards in the same direction at the marked fold lines and hooked over the top edge of the wooden frame.
For large colonies occupying several brood chambers, two strips can be joined together end-to-end which enables their insertion into and removal from the beespaces without having to separate the brood chambers.
Normally developed colonies receive four strips.
Nuclei and young colonies and newly collected swarms receive half that dose i.e. two strips
Large colonies occupying several brood chambers receive four strips per chamber which are distributed over the central beespaces in each brood chamber.
Time and Duration of Use
Best efficacy is to be expected when Bayvarol is used in late summer after the honey harvest. Ideally the strips should not be used during the peak honey flow periods. However, Bayvarol can be used at any time of the year for diagnosis or in severe infestations where there is a threat to the survival of the colony.
The strips are inserted into the colony for 24 hours.
Before inserting the strips the floor tray is covered with a clean sheet of paper. This is then checked for the presence of dead Varroa mites 24 hours later.
The strips should be left in the colonies for a maximum of six weeks and then removed.
4.10 Overdose (symptoms, emergency procedures, antidotes), if necessary
Studies in which double the normal number of strips were used during the winter period showed no adverse effects on the bees or any adverse effect on subsequent breeding.
4.11 Withdrawal period(s)
No withdrawal period for honey is required regardless of when in the year Bayvarol is used. Other bee produce should not be taken for human consumption until the spring following treatment.
5. PHARMACOLOGICAL PROPERTIES
Pharmacotherapeutic group: Ectoparasiticides for topical use, incl. insecticides
ATCVet Code: QP53AC05
Flumethrin is a synthetic pyrethroid compound acting by pre- and post-synaptic induction of repetitive action potentials and perturbation of axonal impulses by changes in K+ / Na+ permeability.
5.1 Pharmacodynamic properties
Flumethrin is a type II synthetic pyrethroid and causes a long-lasting prolongation of the normally transient increase in sodium permeability of the nerve membrane during excitation, resulting in long-lasting trains of repetitive firing. The α-cyano group on the phenoxy-fluorobenzyl alcohol moiety is considered to be responsible for the long-lasting prolongation of sodium permeability. The type II pyrethroids produce a distinct poisoning syndrome which is characterised by choreoathetosis (sinuous writhing of the whole body) and salivation.
5.2 Pharmacokinetic particulars
ABSORPTION: Percutaneous absorption in mammals is minimal.
6. PHARMACEUTICAL PARTICULARS
6.1 List of excipients
Low density polyethylene
Shelf-life of the veterinary medicinal product as packaged for sale:
Shelf-life after first opening the immediate packaging: 6 weeks
6.4 Special precautions for storage
Do not store above 25ºC.
Store away from food, drink and animal feedingstuffs.
6.5 Nature and composition of immediate packaging
Aluminium/Polyester/PE foil bag containing 4 bee-hive strips
5 bags per carton and 200 bags per carton.
Not all pack sizes may be marketed.
Special precautions for the disposal of unused veterinary medicinal product or waste materials derived from the use of such products
Bayvarol should not enter water courses as this may be dangerous for fish and other aquatic organism. Therefore do not contaminate ponds, waterways and ditches with the strip or used packaging.
Any unused veterinary medicinal product or waste materials derived from such veterinary medicinal products should be disposed of in accordance with local requirements.
7. MARKETING AUTHORISATION HOLDER
Animal Health Division,
Berkshire RG14 1JA
Animal Health Division,
8. MARKETING AUTHORISATION NUMBERS
9. DATE OF FIRST AUTHORISATION
17 July 1992
28 July 1992
10. DATE OF REVISION OF THE TEXT
PROHIBITION OF SALE, SUPPLY AND/OR USE
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