SCIENCE MEDICINES HEALTH
EPAR summary for the public
This is a summary of the European public assessment report (EPAR) for BiResp Spiromax. It explains how the Agency assessed the medicine to recommend its authorisation in the EU and its conditions of use. It is not intended to provide practical advice on how to use BiResp Spiromax.
For practical information about using BiResp Spiromax, patients should read the package leaflet or contact their doctor or pharmacist.
BiResp Spiromax is a medicine that contains the active substances budesonide and formoterol. It is used for the treatment of asthma in adults for whom a combination product is considered appropriate. It can be used in patients whose disease is not adequately controlled by treatment with other asthma medicines called corticosteroids and 'short-acting beta-2 agonists' taken by inhalation, or in patients whose disease is adequately controlled by treatment with corticosteroids and 'long-acting beta-2 agonists' taken by inhalation.
BiResp Spiromax is also used to relieve the symptoms of severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) in adults who have had exacerbations (flare-ups) of the disease in the past despite regular treatment. COPD is a long-term disease in which the airways and air sacs inside the lungs become damaged or blocked, leading to difficulty in breathing.
BiResp Spiromax is a 'hybrid medicine'. This means that it is similar to a 'reference medicine' containing the same active substances, but BiResp Spiromax is given using a different inhaler. The reference medicine for BiResp Spiromax is Symbicort Turbohaler.
The medicine can only be obtained with a prescription. It is available as an inhalation powder in a portable inhaler device, and each inhalation provides a fixed dose of the medicine. BiResp Spiromax
An agency of the European Union
© European Medicines Agency, 2014. Reproduction is authorised provided the source is acknowledged.
160/4.5 microgram (160 micrograms of budesonide and 4.5 micrograms of formoterol) can be used for the regular treatment of asthma and when needed as a reliever. It can also be used for the treatment of COPD. The higher strength, BiResp Spiromax 320/9 microgram (320 micrograms of budesonide and 9 micrograms of formoterol), can only be used for the regular treatment of asthma and for the treatment of COPD.
For the regular treatment of asthma, the recommended dose is 1 to 4 inhalations twice a day, depending on the strength being used and the severity of the asthma. As asthma reliever therapy, patients can take 1 or 2 additional inhalations of BiResp Spiromax 160/4.5 microgram only to relieve their symptoms. If patients need to take more than 8 inhalations per day, it is recommended they speak to their doctor to have their asthma therapy reconsidered.
For the treatment of COPD, the recommended dose is 1 or 2 inhalations twice a day, depending on the strength being used.
For further information, see the package leaflet.
The two active substances in BiResp Spiromax are well known and are present in several medicines used to treat asthma and COPD, either alone or in combination with other medicines.
Budesonide belongs to a group of anti-inflammatory medicines known as corticosteroids. It works in a similar way to naturally occurring corticosteroid hormones, reducing the activity of the immune system by attaching to receptors in various types of immune cell. This leads to a reduction in the release of substances that are involved in the inflammation process, such as histamine, thereby helping to keep the airways clear and allowing the patient to breathe more easily.
Formoterol is a long-acting beta-2 agonist. It works by attaching to receptors known as beta-2 receptors found in the muscles of the airways. When it attaches to these receptors, it causes the muscles to relax, which keeps the airways open and helps with the patient's breathing.
Studies in patients have been limited to tests to determine that BiResp Spiromax is bioequivalent to the reference medicine, Symbicort Turbohaler. Two medicines are bioequivalent when they produce the same levels of the active substance in the body.
Because BiResp Spiromax is a hybrid medicine and is bioequivalent to the reference medicine, its benefits and risks are taken as being the same as the reference medicine's.
The Agency's Committee for Medicinal Products for Human Use (CHMP) concluded that BiResp Spiromax 160/4.5 microgram and 320/9 microgram have been shown to have comparable quality and to be bioequivalent to the corresponding strengths of Symbicort Turbohaler. Therefore, the CHMP's view was that, as for Symbicort Turbohaler, the benefit outweighs the identified risk. The Committee recommended that BiResp Spiromax be given marketing authorisation.
The company initially also applied for a lower strength of BiResp Spiromax, however bioequivalence to the reference product was not demonstrated and the application for this strength was withdrawn.
A risk management plan has been developed to ensure that BiResp Spiromax is used as safely as possible. Based on this plan, safety information has been included in the summary of product characteristics and the package leaflet for BiResp Spiromax, including the appropriate precautions to be followed by healthcare professionals and patients.
The European Commission granted a marketing authorisation valid throughout the European Union for BiResp Spiromax on 28 April 2014.
The full EPAR and risk management plan summary for BiResp Spiromax can be found on the Agency's website: ema.europa.eu/Find medicine/Human medicines/European public assessment reports. For more information about treatment with BiResp Spiromax, read the package leaflet (also part of the EPAR) or contact your doctor or pharmacist.
This summary was last updated in 04-2014.