Calcibel 240/60/60 Mg/Ml Solution For Infusion For Horses, Cattle, Sheep, Goats And Pigs

Amended pages July 2016

AN: 01632/2014



Calcibel 240/60/60 mg/ml solution for infusion for horses, cattle, sheep, goats and pigs.[AT, CY, CZ, DK, EL, FI, HR, HU, IE, NL, PL, RO, SE, SI, SK, UK]

CALZIUM 240/60/60 mg/ml solution for infusion in horses, cattle, sheep, goats and pigs.

[ES, PT]


1 ml contains:

Active substance:

Calcium gluconate 240 mg (equivalent to 21.5 mg calcium)

Magnesium chloride hexahydrate 60 mg (equivalent to 7.2 mg magnesium)

Boric acid 60 mg

For the full list of excipients, see section 6.1


Solution for infusion

Clear, colourless to slightly yellowish solution


4.1 Target species

Horse, cattle, sheep, goat, pig.

4.2 Indications for use, specifying the target species

Acute hypocalcaemic conditions.

4.3 Contraindications

- hypercalcaemia and hypermagnesaemia,

- idiopathic hypocalcaemia in foals,

- calcinosis in cattle and small ruminants,

- septicaemic processes in the course of acute mastitis in cattle,

- application after high doses of vitamin D3preparations,

- chronic renal insufficiency,

- concomitant or immediately following application of inorganic phosphorous


4.4 Special warnings for each target species

In case of acute hypomagnesaemia, the administration of a solution with a higher concentration of magnesium may be necessary.

4.5 Special precautions for use

Special precautions for use in animals

During intravenous infusion, the product must be administered slowly and at body temperature.

During infusion, cardiac rate and rhythm and circulation must be monitored. If any sign of overdose (disturbances of the cardiac rhythm decrease in blood pressure, restlessness) appears, the infusion should be stopped immediately.

Special precautions to be taken by the person administering the veterinary medicinal product to animals

Care should be taken to avoid accidental self-injection as this may cause irritation at site of injection. In case of accidental self-injection, seek medical advice.

4.6 Adverse reactions (frequency and seriousness)

Transient hypercalcaemia with the following symptoms may occur:

- initial bradycardia,

- restlessness, muscle tremor, salivation,

- increase in respiratory rate.

An increase of heart rate following an initial bradycardia may indicate overdose. In this case, stop the infusion immediately. Delayed undesirable effects may appear in form of disturbances of the general state of health and symptoms of hypercalcaemia up to 6 – 10 hours after administration and must not be diagnosed as a relapse of hypocalcaemia.

See also “Overdose”.

4.7 Use during pregnancy, lactation or lay

Can be used during pregnancy.

4.8 Interaction with other medicinal products and other forms of interaction

Calcium increases the efficacy of cardiac glycosides.

Calcium increases the cardiac effects of β-adrenergic drugs and methylxanthines.

Glucocorticoids increase the renal excretion of calcium by vitamin D antagonism.

4.9 Amounts to be administered and administration route


For slow intravenous infusion

Adult cattle:

40-50 ml of this productper 50 kg body weight
(equivalent to 0.43 – 0.54 mmol Ca
2+and 0.24 – 0.30 mmol Mg2+per kg b.w.).


30 ml of this productper 50 kg body weight
(equivalent to 0.32 mmol Ca
2+and 0.18 mmol Mg2+per kg body weight).

Sheep, goat, pig:

For slow intravenous infusion

30 ml of this product per 50 kg body weight
(equivalent to 0.32 mmol Ca
2+and 0.18 mmol Mg2+per kg body weight).

Adult cattle, calf, sheep, goat and pig:

The intravenous infusion must be executed slowly over a period of 20-30 minutes.


For slow intravenous infusion.

30 mlof this product per 50 kg body weight

(equivalent to 0.32 mmol Ca2+ and 0.18 mmol Mg2+ per kg body weight).

Infusion in horses should not exceed a rate of 4-8 mg/kg/h calcium (equivalent to 0.18-0.36 ml/kg/h of this product). It is recommended to dilute the required dose of this product 1:4 with isotonic saline or dextrose and to infuse over at least two hours.

The dosage instructions are given for guidance and must be adapted to the individual deficit and actual circulatory conditions.

After a minimum of 6 hours after treatment, a second treatment may be administered. Additional treatments every 24 hours can be administered if it is clear that on-going symptoms are due to hypocalcaemia.

4.10 Overdose (symptoms, emergency procedures, antidotes), if necessary

Overdose and intravenous infusion that is too fast may result in initial bradycardia with subsequent tachycardia, cardiac rhythm disturbances and, in severe cases, ventricular fibrillation’.

Exceeding the maximum infusion rate may result in hypersensitivity reactions due to the release of histamine. Symptoms of hypercalcaemia may persist for 6-10 hours after infusion. It is important that these symptoms are not incorrectly diagnosed as a relapse of hypocalcaemia.

4.11 Withdrawal period(s)

Cattle, sheep, goat, horse: Meat and offal: 0 days

Milk: 0 days

Pig: Meat and offal: 0 days


Pharmacotherapeutic group: infusion solution containing calcium and magnesium

ATCvet code: QA12AX,
calcium, combination with other pharmaceuticals

5.1 Pharmacodynamic properties


Calcium is an essential element that is required for normal nerve and musculoskeletal function, cell membrane and capillary permeability and activation of enzymatic reactions. Only free ionised calcium in the blood is biologically active. Especially in times of increased requirement of calcium, e.g. post-partum, hypocalcaemia may develop.


Magnesium is a cofactor in a number of enzyme systems. It also plays a role in muscular excitement and neurochemical transmission. In the heart magnesium leads to delayed conduction. Magnesium stimulates the secretion of parathyroid hormone and therefore regulates serum calcium levels. In ruminants, especially after intake of young, protein-rich grass, hypomagnesaemia may develop.

The product contains calcium in an organic compound and magnesium in form of magnesium chloride as active substances. By the addition of boric acid, calcium borogluconate is formed, which increases its solubility and tissue tolerability. The main indication for its use is hypocalcaemic conditions. The addition of magnesium antagonises possible cardiac effects of calcium, especially following overdose or rapid infusion, and helps correct hypomagnesaemia, which frequently occurs in combination with hypocalcaemia.

5.2 Pharmacokinetic particulars


More than 90% of total body calcium is found in bone. Only about 1% is free to be exchanged with the calcium in serum and interstitial fluid. In the serum, 35 – 40% of calcium is bound to proteins, 5 – 10% is complexed with anions and 40 – 60% is in the ionized form. Calcium is eliminated mainly through the faeces with small amounts eliminated in the urine.


In adult animals, around 50% of magnesium is found in bone, 45% in the intracellular space and 1% in the extracellular space, of which 30% is bound to proteins and the remainder exists as free ions. The amount of magnesium utilized from the nutrition varies between 15 and 26 % in adult cattle. Approximately 80% is absorbed through the rumen. When grazing on young protein-rich grass pasture, the absorption may decrease to 8%.

Magnesium is excreted by the kidneys at a rate proportional to the serum concentration and glomerular filtration.


6.1 List of excipients

Water for Injections

6.2 Incompatibilities

In the absence of compatibility studies, this veterinary medicinal product must not be mixed with other veterinary medicinal products.

6.3 Shelf life

Shelf-life of the veterinary medicinal product as packaged for sale: 3 years

Shelf-life after first opening the immediate packaging: Once broached, use immediately

6.4 Special precautions for storage

Do not refrigerate or freeze.

6.5 Nature and composition of immediate packaging

Bottle for infusion made of polypropylene with scaling, closures made of bromobutyl rubber stopper, aluminium caps with tear-off.

1 x 500 ml,

6 x 500 ml,

12 x 500 ml,

1 x (6 x 500 ml),

1 x (12 x 500 ml).

Not all pack sizes may be marketed.

6.6 Special precautions for the disposal of unused veterinary medicinal product or waste materials derived from the use of such products

Any unused veterinary medicinal product or waste materials derived from such veterinary medicinal product should be disposed of in accordance with local requirements.


Bela-Pharm GmbH & Co. KG

Lohner Straße 19

49377 Vechta



Vm 41816/4002


25 April 2016


July 2016 (amended pages)

Approved: 05/07/2016

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