Adalat La 60mg Prolonged-Release Tablets
Your medicine is called Adalat LA 60mg Prolonged-release Tablets but will be referred to as Adalat LA throughout this leaflet.
Read all of this leaflet carefully before you start taking this medicine because it contains important information for you.
* Keep this leaflet. You may need to read it again.
* If you have any further questions, ask your doctor or pharmacist.
* This medicine has been prescribed for you only.
* Do not pass it on to others. It may harm them, even if their signs of illness are the same as yours.
* If you get any side effects, talk to your doctor or pharmacist. This includes any possible side effects not listed in this leaflet. See section 4.
^ What Adalat LA is
^2 What you need to know before you take Adalat LA ^ How you take Adalat LA ^ Possible side effects ^ How to store Adalat LA ^ Contents of the pack and other information
Adalat LA contains nifedipine, which belongs to a group of medicines called calcium antagonists.
For high blood pressure: Adalat LA works by relaxing and expanding the blood vessels. This makes the blood flow more easily and lowers blood pressure. Lower blood pressure reduces the strain on your heart.
For angina: Adalat LA works by relaxing and expanding the arteries supplying the heart. This allows more blood and oxygen to reach the heart and decreases the strain on it. Your angina attacks will be less severe and less frequent if there is less strain on the heart.
Do not take Adalat LA:
* If you have had a heart attack within the last month.
* If you get a sudden angina attack. Adalat LA will not help relieve symptoms of angina quickly.
* If you have unstable angina.
* If you are allergic to nifedipine, any other similar medicines (known as dihydropyridines) or any of the other ingredients of this medicine (listed in section 6).
* If you are taking rifampicin, an antibiotic.
* If you have a liver disease that prevents your liver from working properly.
* If you have inflammation of the bowel or intestines, such as Crohn's disease.
* If you have an obstruction or narrowing in your intestines, or have had this in the past.
* If you have ever had an obstruction in the gullet (the oesophagus - the tube connecting the throat to the stomach).
* If you have been told that you have a narrowing of the aortic heart valve (stenosis).
* If you have ever had a collapse caused by a heart problem (cardiogenic shock), during which you became breathless, pale and had a cold sweat and dry mouth.
* If you have a “Kock pouch” (a surgically constructed intestinal reservoir with an opening through the abdominal wall) in your gut.
* If your blood pressure continues to rise despite treatment (malignant hypertension).
Tell your doctor and do not take Adalat LA if any of these apply to you.
Talk to your doctor before taking Adalat LA
* If you have low blood pressure and you were prescribed Adalat LA for your angina. Your blood pressure may be decreased further by this treatment.
* If you have a heart condition where your heart cannot cope with increased strain (poor cardiac reserve).
* If you are pregnant.
* If you are breast-feeding. If you need to take Adalat LA, you should stop breast-feeding before you start to take this medicine.
* If you are a diabetic. The treatment for your diabetes may need to be adjusted. If you have any questions about this, ask your doctor.
* If you are on kidney dialysis. If you have a very high blood pressure and a low blood volume, you might experience a sudden drop in blood pressure when you take Adalat LA.
* If your liver is not working properly. Your doctor may need to do some blood tests. You may also be given a lower dose of Adalat LA.
—► Talk to your doctor before you take Adalat LA if any of these apply to you.
Tell your doctor:
* If your chest pain (angina) gets worse (comes on more often or more severely) over a matter of hours or days. You may be advised not to take Adalat LA.
* If you have chest pains after taking your first dose of Adalat LA. Your doctor may wish to change your treatment.
* If you notice increased breathlessness.
* If you notice swelling of the ankles.
Tell your doctor before you take the next dose if any of these apply to you.
Also tell your doctor:
* If you are giving a urine sample. Adalat LA may interfere with the results of certain urine tests.
* If you are to have a barium contrast x-ray (barium meal). These tablets may affect the results of the test.
* If you are a man who has been unable to father a child by in vitro fertilisation. Drugs like Adalat LA have been shown to impair sperm function.
Other medicines and Adalat LA
Tell your doctor if you are taking, have recently taken or might take any other medicines.
Some medicines may affect the way Adalat LA works. Tell your doctor if you are taking:
* Other medicines to treat high blood pressure.
* Rifampicin (an antibiotic).
* Cimetidine (to treat stomach ulcers).
* Digoxin, diltiazem, quinidine or beta-blockers (to treat heart conditions).
* Quinupristin/dalfopristin (a combination antibiotic).
* Phenytoin, carbamazepine or valproic acid (to treat epilepsy).
* Cisapride (to treat reduced movements of the gullet and stomach).
* Magnesium sulphate injections during pregnancy (may cause a severe fall in blood pressure).
* Erythromycin (an antibiotic).
* Ketoconazole, itraconazole or fluconazole (anti-fungal medicines).
* Indinavir, nelfinavir, ritonavir, saquinavir or amprenavir (to treat HIV).
* Fluoxetine or nefazodone (to treat depression).
* Tacrolimus (to prevent the rejection of transplanted organs).
* Phenobarbital (usually used to treat insomnia or anxiety).
You can take Adalat LA with or without food.
Do not drink grapefruit juice or eat grapefruit while taking Adalat LA.
Do not start taking Adalat LA within 3 days of drinking grapefruit juice or eating grapefruit. Tell your doctor if you have had grapefruit or grapefruit juice in this time. Also, do not drink grapefruit juice or eat grapefruit whilst taking Adalat LA. Grapefruit juice is known to increase the blood levels of the active ingredient, nifedipine. This effect can last for at least 3 days.
One tablet of Adalat LA 60 mg contains 48 mg salt (sodium chloride). Tell your doctor if you are on a low-salt diet.
If you are pregnant, think you may be pregnant or are planning to have a baby, ask your doctor for advice before taking this medicine.
You may be able to use Adalat LA but only after special consideration and agreement by your doctor.
Do not take Adalat LA if you are breast-feeding. If you need to take Adalat LA, you should stop breast-feeding before you start taking this medicine.
Adalat LA may make you feel dizzy, faint, extremely tired or have visual disturbances. Do not drive or operate machinery if you are affected in this way. This may be more likely when you first start treatment, if you change tablets, or if you have drunk alcohol.
Adalat LA is specially formulated so that you only have to take one dose each day.
Always take this medicine exactly as your doctor has told you. Check with your doctor if you are not sure.
* Dose for high blood pressure: the usual dose is 1 tablet, once a day.
* Dose for angina: the dose depends on your individual requirements. Your doctor will decide how much you should take.
* Swallow the tablets whole. Do not bite, chew or break them - if you do they will not work properly. If you have difficulty swallowing tablets, consult your doctor as he or she may wish to change your medicine.
* Continue to take these tablets for as long as your doctor has told you to.
Take your dose at the same time each day, preferably in the morning.
Take your tablets with a glass of water. Do not take them with grapefruit juice.
You can take Adalat LA with or without food.
You may see what looks like a complete tablet in the toilet or in your stools. This is normal - it's the outer shell of the tablet which is not digested by the body.
Use in children and adolescents: Adalat LA is not recommended for use in children and adolescents below 18 years of age, because there are only limited data on the safety and efficacy in this population.
Get medical help immediately. If possible, take your tablets or the box with you to show the doctor.
Taking too many tablets may cause your blood pressure to become too low and your heartbeats to speed up or slow down. It may also lead to an increase in your blood sugar level or an increase in the acidity of your blood, swelling in the lungs, low blood oxygen levels and disturbances in consciousness, possibly leading to unconsciousness.
Take your normal dose immediately and continue taking your tablets at the usual time of day, waiting at least 12 hours before taking the next dose.
Do not take a double dose to make up for a forgotten dose.
If you have any further questions on the use of this medicine, ask your doctor.
Like all medicines, this medicine can cause side effects, although not everybody gets them.
Serious side effects
If you notice:
* Severe, sudden generalised allergic reaction including very rarely life-threatening shock (e.g. difficulty in breathing, drop of blood pressure, fast pulse), swelling (including potentially life-threatening swelling of the airway)
* other allergic reactions causing swelling under the skin (possibly severe and including swelling of the larynx that may result in a life-threatening outcome)
* fast heart beat (tachycardia)
* shortness of breath or difficulty breathing
* mild to moderate allergic reactions
* itching (possibly severe), a rash or hives
—►Contact your doctor immediately and do not take the next dose as
these may be the first signs of allergic reaction which may become severe.
If you develop:
* a skin reaction or blistering / peeling of the skin and/or mucosal reactions (in the mouth/nose or at the penis/vagina) (Toxic Epidermal Necrolysis)
Contact your doctor immediately before you continue treatment as
these may be signs of a severe reaction
Less serious side effects
Apart from the side effects listed above, these are the other side effects of Adalat LA, starting with the more common ones:
Common side effects
(These may affect up to 1 in 10 people)
* general feeling of being unwell
* swelling, particularly of the ankles and legs
Uncommon side effects
(These may affect up to 1 in 100 people)
* stomach pain (abdominal pain)
* unspecific pain
* low blood pressure when standing up (symptoms include fainting, dizziness, light headedness, occasional palpitations, blurred vision and sometimes confusion)
* irregular heartbeat (palpitations)
* dry mouth
* indigestion or upset stomach
* wind (flatulence)
* feeling sick (nausea)
* muscle cramps
* joint swelling
* sleep disorders
* anxiety or nervousness
* reddening of the skin
* nose bleeds
* nasal congestion
* sensation of spinning or whirling motion (vertigo)
* increase in the need to pass water (urinate)
* painful or difficult urination
* inability to achieve or maintain an erection (impotence)
* blurred vision
* temporary increase in certain liver enzymes Rare side effects
(These may affect up to 1 in 1,000 people)
* pins and needles
* inflammation of the gums, tender or swollen gums, bleeding gums
(Frequency not known: frequency cannot be estimated from the available data)
* stomach pain or distress caused by a mass of foreign material found in the stomach which may require surgery for removal
* difficulty swallowing
* abdominal pain, caused by obstruction of the gut or ulcers in the gut
* a reduction in the number of white blood cells (leucopenia)
* a more severe decrease in a specific class of white blood cell (agranulocytosis)
* increased blood sugar (hyperglycaemia)
* decreased skin sensitivity (hypoaesthesia)
* drowsiness (somnolence)
* eye pain
* chest pain (angina pectoris)
* heartburn or indigestion (gastroesophageal sphincter insufficiency)
* yellowing of the whites of the eyes or skin (jaundice)
* sensitivity to light (photosensitivity allergic reaction)
* small, raised areas of bleeding in the skin (palpable purpura)
* joint pain
* muscle pain
All of these symptoms usually go away when treatment with Adalat LA is stopped.
Reporting of side effects
If you get any side effects, talk to your doctor or pharmacist. This includes any possible side effects not listed in this leaflet. You can also report side effects directly via the Yellow Card Scheme at: www.mhra.gov.uk/yellowcard. By reporting side effects you can help provide more information on the safety of this medicine.
Do not use this medicine after the expiry date shown on the carton label or blister strip. If your doctor tells you to stop taking this medicine, return any unused tablets to your pharmacist (chemist) for safe disposal. Only keep this medicine, if your doctor tells you to. If your tablets become discoloured or show any other signs of deterioration, consult your pharmacist (chemist) who will tell you what to do.
* KEEP THIS MEDICINE OUT OF THE SIGHT AND REACH OF CHILDREN
* Do not store above 25°C. Protect from strong light.
* Do not take your tablet out of the blister until it is time to take your dose.
Do not dispose of medicines in household rubbish. Any unused Adalat LA tablets should be returned to a pharmacist (chemist) who will dispose of them properly. This helps the environment.
Each tablet contains 60mg nifedipine in a modified release formulation as the active ingredient. Your medicine also contains the following inactive ingredients: polyethylene oxide (WSR N-80), magnesium stearate, polyethylene oxide (coagulant), sodium chloride, iron oxide red E172 CI 77491, cellulose acetate, macrogol 3350, hypromellose, titanium dioxide E172 CI 77891, propylene glycol, and hydroxypropyl cellulose.
Each 60mg tablet also contains 48mg of sodium chloride (salt) to be taken into consideration by patients on a controlled sodium diet.
Adalat LA are pink lacquered tablets, one side marked ‘Adalat 60'.
Each calendar blister pack contains 28 tablets.
The tablets are manufactured by Bayer Pharma AG, Leverkusen, Germany and are procured from within the EU and repackaged by the Product Licence Holder: Lexon (UK) Limited, Unit 18, Oxleasow Road, East Moons Moat, Redditch, Worcestershire, B98 0RE.
If you have any questions or are not sure about anything, ask your doctor or pharmacist. They will have additional information about this medicine and will be able to advise you.
POM PL: 15184/0187 Revision date: 26/08/15
Adalat is a registered trademark of Bayer Aktiengesellschaft.