Alcide Uddergold Platinum Concentrates (Base And Activator) For Teat Dip Solution For Cattle (Dairy)
Revised: February 2013
SUMMARY OF PRODUCT CHARACTERISTICS
1. NAME OF THE VETERINARY MEDICINAL PRODUCT
Alcide UDDERgold Platinum
Concentrates (Base and Activator) for Teat Dip Solution For Cattle (Dairy)
Names in Member States:
Alcide UDDERgold Platinum (Ireland and UK)
Alcide UDDERgold PM vet (Belgium, Denmark, Germany, Greece, Netherlands, Portugal)
Alcide UDDERgold (Italy), Mastidip Duo (Spain)
2. QUALITATIVE AND QUANTITATIVE COMPOSITION
The Base concentrate contains:
Sodium chlorite 6.4 mg/ml
(equivalent to chlorous acid 4.84 mg/ml)
Disodium edetate dihydrate 1.9 mg/ml
The Activator concentrate contains:
Lactic acid 26.4 mg/ml
Sodium benzoate (E211) 2.0 mg/ml
Tartrazine (E102) 3.0 mg/ml
Each ingredient is present in the 1:1 mixture at one half the stated concentrations immediately after mixing.
For a full list of excipients, see section 6.1.
3. PHARMACEUTICAL FORM
Teat dip concentrates (“Base” and “Activator”) for teat dip solution.
Base concentrate is a viscous clear/white solution.
Activator concentrate is a viscous yellow solution.
Base and Activator, when mixed 1:1, form a gold solution for teat use.
4. CLINICAL PARTICULARS
4.1 Target species
4.2 Indications for use, specifying the target species
A post-milking teat dip for use as an aid in the control of mastitis in dairy cows caused by pathogens such as Staphylococcus aureus, Streptococcus agalactiae, Streptococcus dysgalactiae, Streptococcus uberisor Escherichia coli.
Do not use on traumatized or inflamed teats.
Discontinue use in any cow showing signs of irritation or hypersensitivity to the product.
Not for use in sanitising dairy equipment.
4.4 Special warnings for each target species
4.5 Special precautions for use
i. Special precautions for use in animals
For external use only. Prior to milking, wash teats thoroughly with water or a compatible udder wash using proper procedures and dry before milking. Do not turn cows out in freezing weather until teat dip is completely dry. Drying takes approximately 8 - 20 minutes under these conditions. If signs of disease persist or appear, consult your veterinary surgeon.
ii. Special precautions to be taken by the person administering the product to animals
Wash hands after use.
Use in a well-ventilated area as there is a possibility of a build up of irritating chlorine dioxide gas.
Irritating to eyes. Avoid contact with eyes. If contact occurs, flush eyes with large quantities of water. See a doctor if irritation develops.
In the event of accidental exposure, remove by dilution, i.e.:
External: wash with water;
Ingestion: drink water;
Inhalation: remove to fresh air
4.6 Adverse reactions (frequency and seriousness)
Irritation of teats occurs infrequently; it largely depends on the hygiene procedures, i.e. whether residues are effectively removed prior to milking. If residues from the teat dip are allowed to build up, a dry crust may form. Removal of such crust may leave the teat skin sore and irritated.
4.7 Use during pregnancy, lactation or lay
Indicated for use in lactating dairy cows. See Section 4.11 for withdrawal periods.
4.8 Interaction with other medicinal products and other forms of interaction
4.9 Amounts to be administered and administration route
For topical use as a teat dip. Mix together equal volumes of the Activator and Base until the colour is uniform throughout. The gold colour in the mixed product may fade with time and this may be more rapid at higher temperatures. This does not affect the efficacy of the product.
Wash and dry udders and teats before milking. Immediately after milking dip all teats at least one half their length in the mixed product. Allow to air dry before cows are turned out to pasture, especially in freezing weather. Do not wipe. On average, approximately 7.5ml of product will be used per cow per milking. Always use freshly mixed, full strength Alcide UDDERgold Platinum.
Prior to the next milking, wash teats thoroughly with a compatible udder wash using proper procedures.
4.10 Overdose (symptoms, emergency procedures, antidotes), if necessary
4.11 Withdrawal period(s)
Cattle: Meat – zero days
Milk – zero hours
5. PHARMACOLOGICAL PROPERTIES
Pharmacotherapeutic group: Products for teats and udder, disinfectants.
ATC vet code: QG52A
5.1 Pharmacodynamic properties
When the chlorite active ingredient in the Base is activated by acidification with the lactic acid in the Activator, a germicidal system is formed in equilibrium with the chlorite and consisting of short-lived chlorous acid and its related oxychlorine disproportionation products.
ClO2- ↔ HClO2 antimicrobial oxychlorine species
chlorite -H+ chlorous acid
Lactic acid antimicrobial species
The chlorous acid/derived species system has a highly potent and broad spectrum of germicidal activity, probably via oxidative attack at susceptible sites on the microbial envelope.
The lactic acid (excess) exerts its antimicrobial effect by adsorbing to cell surfaces and promoting leakage of hydrogen ions across the cell membrane, resulting in the acidification of the cell interior and inhibition of nutrient transport.
In vitroefficacy of the UDDERgold barrier teat dip system was studied using excised cows teats artificially contaminated with cultures of mastitis-causing organisms. The chlorous acid/oxychlorine antimicrobial system was found to be effective against Staphylococcus aureus, Streptococcus agalactia, Streptococcus dysgalactiae, Streptococcus uberis, Klebsiella pneumonia, Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas aeruginosa andListeria monocytogenes.
A gel forming material (polysulfonic acid) has been incorporated into the formulation to ensure that once the initial germicidal activity of the acidified chlorite system has been exhausted, the disinfected skin surface and particularly the teat end and teat canal are effectively enclosed and protected by a film, thereby preventing further recontamination. In addition, the film entraps residual lactic acid left over from the initial chemical reaction.
5.2 Pharmacokinetic particulars
6. PHARMACEUTICAL PARTICULARS
6.1 List of excipients
Base: Disodium edetate dihydrate
Activator: Sodium benzoate (E211)
sodium dodecylbenzene sulfonate
In the absence of compatibility studies, this veterinary medicinal product must not be mixed with other products.
6.3 Shelf life
Shelf life of the veterinary medicinal product as packaged for sale:
Base: 2 years
Activator: 2 years
Shelf life of the ready-to-use solution (1:1 mixture of Base and Activator): 3 hours
A fresh solution should be prepared immediately beforeuse and be used within 3 hours. Any unused material should be discarded.
6.4 Special precautions for storage
Protect from light. Do not freeze*.
Store in tightly closed original container.
Store away from food, drink, and animal feedstuffs.
*Freezing will not affect the performance of the product provided that the frozen contents are thawed completely and agitated thoroughly before mixing the Base and the Activator components.
6.5 Nature and composition of immediate packaging
Base and Activator are supplied separately, packed in pairs of high density polyethylene (HDPE) bottles/containers with polypropylene or HDPE screw caps holding 3.785, 10 or 20 litres of the Base or Activator component.
6.6 Special precautions for the disposal of unused veterinary medicinal product or waste materials derived from the use of such products
Any unused veterinary medicinal product or waste materials derived from such veterinary medicinal product should be disposed of in accordance with local requirements.
7. MARKETING AUTHORISATION HOLDER
Ecolab Deutschland GmbH
40789 Monheim am Rhein
8. MARKETING AUTHORISATION NUMBER
9. DATE OF FIRST AUTHORISATION/RENEWAL OF THE AUTHORISATION
Date:25 May 1994
10. DATE OF REVISION OF THE TEXT
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