Arkolamyl 5mg Orodispersible Tablets
PACKAGE LEAFLET: INFORMATION FOR THE USER
ARKOLAMYL 5 mg ORODISPERSIBLE TABLETS
ARKOLAMYL 10 mg ORODISPERSIBLE TABLETS
ARKOLAMYL 15 mg ORODISPERSIBLE TABLETS
ARKOLAMYL 20 mg ORODISPERSIBLE TABLETS
Read all of this leaflet carefully before you start taking this medicine because it contains important information for you.
• Keep this leaflet. You may need to read it again.
• If you have any further questions, ask your doctor or your pharmacist.
• This medicine has been prescribed for you only. Do not pass it on to others. It may harm them, even if their signs of illness are the same as yours.
• If you get any side effects talk to your doctor or pharmacist. This includes any possible side effects not listed in this leaflet.
1. What Arkolamyl is and what it is used for.
2. What you need to know before you take Arkolamyl.
3. How to take Arkolamyl.
4. Possible side effects.
5. How to store Arkolamyl.
6. Contents of the pack and other information.
Arkolamyl belongs to a group of medicines called antipsychotics and is used to treat the following conditions:
• Schizophrenia, a disease with symptoms such as hearing, seeing or sensing things which are not there, mistaken beliefs, unusual suspiciousness, and becoming withdrawn. People with
this disease may also feel depressed, anxious or tense.
• Moderate to severe manic episodes, a condition with symptoms of excitement or euphoria.
Arkolamyl has been shown to prevent recurrence of these symptoms in patients with bipolar disorder whose manic episode has responded to Arkolamyl treatment.
Do not take Arkolamyl:
• If you are allergic to olanzapine or any of the other ingredients of this medicine (listed in Section 6). An allergic reaction may be recognised as a rash, itching, a swollen face, swollen lips or shortness of breath.
If this has happened to you, tell your doctor.
• If you have been previously diagnosed with eye problems such as certain kinds of glaucoma (increased pressure in the eye).
Warnings and precautions
Talk to you pharmacist before you take Arkolamyl:
• The use of Arkolamyl in elderly patients with dementia is not recommended as it may have serious side effects.
• Medicines of this type may cause unusual movements mainly of the face or tongue. If this happens after you have been given Arkolamyl tell your doctor.
• Very rarely, medicines of this type cause a combination of fever, faster breathing, sweating, muscle stiffness and drowsiness or sleepiness. If this happens, contact your doctor at once.
• Weight gain has been seen in patients taking Arkolamyl. You and your doctor should check your weight regularly.
• High blood sugar and high levels of fat (triglycerides and cholesterol) have been seen in patients taking Arkolamyl. Your doctor should do blood tests to check blood sugar and certain fat levels before you start taking Arkolamyl and regularly during treatment.
• Tell the doctor if you or someone else in your family has a history of blood clots, as medicines like these have been associated with formation of blood clots.
If you suffer from any of the following illnesses tell your doctor as soon as possible:
• Stroke or 'mini' stroke (temporary symptoms of stroke).
• Parkinson's disease.
• Prostate problems.
• A blocked intestine (Paralytic ileus).
• Liver or kidney disease.
• Blood disorders.
• Heart disease.
If you suffer from dementia, you or your carer/relative should tell your doctor if you have ever had a stroke or 'mini' stroke.
As a routine precaution, if you are over 65 years your blood pressure may be monitored by your doctor.
Arkolamyl is not for patients who are under 18 years.
Other medicines and Arkolamyl
Only take other medicines while you are on Arkolamyl if your doctor tells you that you can. You might feel drowsy if Arkolamyl is taken in combination with antidepressants or medicines taken for anxiety or to help you sleep (tranquillisers).
Tell your doctor if you are taking, have recently taken or might take any other medicines.
In particular, tell your doctor if you are taking:
• medicines for Parkinson's disease
• carbamazepine (an anti-epileptic and mood stabiliser), fluvoxamine (an antidepressant) or ciprofloxacin (an antibiotic) - it may be necessary to change your Arkolamyl dose.
Arkolamyl with alcohol
Do not drink any alcohol if you have been given Arkolamyl as together with alcohol it may make you feel drowsy.
Pregnancy and breast-feeding
If you are pregnant or breast-feeding, think you may be pregnant or are planning to have a baby, ask your doctor for advice before taking this medicine.
You should not be given this medicine when breast-feeding, as small amounts of Arkolamyl can pass into breast milk.
The following symptoms may occur in newborn babies, of mothers that have used Arkolamyl in the last trimester (last three months of their pregnancy): shaking, muscle stiffness and/or weakness, sleepiness, agitation, breathing problems, and difficulty in feeding. If your baby develops any of these symptoms you may need to contact your doctor.
Driving and using machines
There is a risk of feeling drowsy when you are given Arkolamyl. If this happens do not drive or operate any tools or machines. Tell your doctor.
Arkolamyl contains lactose
If you have been told by your doctor that you have an intolerance to some sugars, contact your doctor before taking this medicinal product.
Always take this medicine exactly as your doctor has told you. Check with your doctor or pharmacist if you are not sure.
Your doctor will tell you how many Arkolamyl tablets to take and how long you should continue to take them.
The daily dose of Arkolamyl is between 5 and 20 mg. Consult your doctor if your symptoms return but do not stop taking Arkolamyl unless your doctor tells you to.
You should take your Arkolamyl tablets once a day following the advice of your doctor. Try to take your tablets at the same time each day. It does not matter whether you take them with or without food. Arkolamyl orodispersible tablets are for oral use.
Arkolamyl tablets break easily, so you should handle the tablets carefully. Do not handle the tablets with wet hands as the tablets may break up.
1. Hold the blister strip at the edges and separate one blister cell from the rest of the strip by gently tearing along the perforations around it.
2. Carefully peel off the backing.
3. Gently push the tablet out.
4. Put the tablet in your mouth. It will dissolve directly in your mouth, so that it can be easily swallowed.
You can also place the tablet in a full glass or cup of water, orange juice, apple juice, milk or coffee, and stir. With some drinks, the mixture may change colour and possibly become cloudy. Drink it straight away.
Patients who have taken more Arkolamyl than they should, have experienced the following symptoms: rapid beating of the heart, agitation/ aggressiveness, problems with speech, unusual movements (especially of the face or tongue) and reduced level of consciousness. Other symptoms may be: acute confusion, seizures (epilepsy), coma, a combination of fever, faster breathing, sweating, muscle stiffness and drowsiness or sleepiness, slowing of the breathing rate, aspiration, high blood pressure or low blood pressure, abnormal rhythms of the heart. Contact your doctor or hospital straight away if you experience any of the symptoms. Show the doctor your pack of tablets.
If you forget to take Arkolamyl
Take your tablets as soon as you remember. Do not take two doses in one day.
If you stop taking Arkolamyl
Do not stop taking your tablets just because you feel better. It is important that you carry on taking Arkolamyl for as long as your doctor tells you.
If you suddenly stop taking Arkolamyl symptoms such as sweating, unable to sleep, tremor, anxiety or nausea and vomiting might occur. Your doctor may suggest you to reduce the dose gradually before stopping treatment.
If you have any further questions on the use of this product, ask your doctor or pharmacist.
Like all medicines, this medicine can cause side effects, although not everybody gets them.
Tell your doctor immediately if you have:
• unusual movement (a common side effect that may affect up to 1 in 10 people) mainly of the face or tongue
• blood clots in the veins (an uncommon side effect that may affect up to
1 in 100 people) especially in the legs (symptoms include swelling, pain, and redness in the leg), which may travel through blood vessels to the lungs causing chest pain and difficulty in breathing. If you notice any of these symptoms seek medical advice immediately.
• a combination of fever, faster breathing, sweating, muscle stiffness and drowsiness or sleepiness (the frequency of this side effect cannot be estimated from the available data).
Very common side effects: (may affect more than 1 in 10 people):
• weight gain
• increases in the levels of prolactin in the blood.
• in the early stages of treatment, some people may feel dizzy or faint (with
a slow heart rate), especially when getting up from a lying or sitting position. This will usually pass on its own but if it does not, tell your doctor.
Common side effects: (may affect up to 1 in 10 people):
• changes in the levels of some blood cells, circulating fats and early in treatment, temporary increases in liver enzymes.
• increases in the level of sugars in the blood and urine
• increases in levels of uric acid and creatine phosphokinase in the blood.
• feeling more hungry
• unusual movements(dyskinesias);
• dry mouth
• loss of strength
• extreme tiredness
• water retention leading to swelling of the hands, ankles or feet
• sexual dysfunctions such as decreased libido in males and females or erectile dysfunction in males.
• joint pain
• hypersensitivity (e.g. swelling in the mouth and throat, itching, rash);
• diabetes or the worsening of diabetes, occasionally associated with ketoacidosis (ketones in the blood and urine) or coma;
• seizures, usually associated with a history of seizures (epilepsy);
• muscle stiffness or spasms (including eye movements);
• problems with speech;
• slow heart rate
• sensitivity to sunlight
• bleeding from the nose;
• abdominal distension;
• memory loss or forgetfulness;
• urinary incontinence; lack of ability to urinate
• hair loss
• absence or decrease in menstrual periods
• changes in breasts in males and females such as an abnormal production of breast milk or abnormal growth.
Rare side effects (may affect up to 1 in 1000 people) include:
• lowering of normal body temperature
• abnormal rhythms of the heart
• sudden unexplained death
• inflammation of the pancreas causing severe stomach pain, fever and sickness
• liver disease appearing as yellowing of the skin and white parts of the eyes
• muscle disease presenting as unexplained aches and pains
• prolonged and/or painful erection
While taking olanzapine, elderly patients with dementia may suffer from stroke, pneumonia, urinary incontinence, falls, extreme tiredness, visual hallucinations, a rise in body temperature, redness of the skin and have trouble walking. Some fatal cases have been reported in this particular group of patients.
In patients with Parkinson's disease Arkolamyl may worsen the symptoms. Reporting of side effects If you get any side effects, talk to your doctor or pharmacist. This includes any possible side effects not listed in this leaflet. You can also report side effects directly via the Yellow Card Scheme Website: www.mhra.gov.uk/yellowcard.
By reporting side effects you can help provide more information on the safety of this medicine.
Keep this medicine out of sight and reach of children. Do not use Arkolamyl after the expiry date, which is stated on the carton and blister after 'EXP1.
The expiry date refers to the last day of the month. Store in the original pack in order to protect from light and moisture. Do not throw away any medicines via wastewater or household waste. Ask your pharmacist how to throw away medicines you no longer use. These measures will help to protect the environment.
What Arkolamyl contains:
• The active substance is olanzapine.
Each Arkolamyl orodispersible tablet contains 5 mg, 10 mg, 15 mg or 20 mg of the active substance.
• The other ingredients are crospovidone (type A), lactose monohydrate, colloidal silicon dioxide (anhydrous), hydroxypropylcellulose, mint flavour (consisting of: mint oil, terpeneless mint oil, eucalyptol, menthone, isomenthone, methylene acetate, menthol), talc, magnesium stearate.
What Arkolamyl looks like and contents of the pack
Arkolamyl 5 mg, 10 mg, 15 mg and 20 mg are yellow orodispersible tablets. Orodispersible tablet is the technical name for a tablet which dissolves directly in your mouth, so that it can be easily swallowed. Arkolamyl 5 mg, 10 mg,
15 mg and 20 mg are available in cartons containing: 10, 28, 30, 56, 60, 70,
84, 90, 98, 100, 112 orodispersible tablets Not all pack sizes may be marketed
Marketing Authorisation Holder
Mylan, Potters Bar, Hertfordshire,
EN6 1Tl, United Kingdom.
Pharmathen S.A. , Dervenakion,
6 15351 Pallini, Attiki, Greece.
Gerard Laboratories, 35/36 Baldoyle Industrial Estate, Grange Road, Dublin 13, Ireland.
This leaflet was last revised in 09/2013