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Ascorbic Acid 50mg Tablets Bp

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SUMMARY OF PRODUCT CHARACTERISTICS

1 NAME OF THE MEDICINAL PRODUCT

Ascorbic Acid 50mg Tablets BP

2 QUALITATIVE AND QUANTITATIVE COMPOSITION

Each tablet contains Ascorbic Acid 50mg For excipients, see 6.1

3 PHARMACEUTICAL FORM

Tablet.

White, uncoated bi-convex tablets with tablet markings “50”.

4    CLINICAL PARTICULARS

4.1    Therapeutic indications

For the treatment of scurvy.

Prophylactically in cases where deficiency might be expected to occur.

4.2    Posology and method of administration

For oral administration.

Adults, the elderly and children:

For the treatment of scurvy: 2 tablets three times a day.

For prophylactic use: 1 tablet twice a day.

4.3    Contraindications

Hypersensitivity to ascorbic acid or any of the other ingredients.

4.4    Special warnings and precautions for use

Vitamin C may interfere with tests and assays for urinary glucose, giving false negative results with methods utilising glucose oxidase with indicator (e.g. Labstix, Testape) and false positive results with neocuproin methods. Estimation of uric acid by phosphotungstate or by uricase with copper reduction and measurement of creatinine in non-deproteinised serum may also be affected. High doses of vitamin C may give false negative readings in faecal occult blood tests.

Patients with rare hereditary problems of fructose or galactose intolerance, the LAPP lactase deficiency, glucose-galactose malabsorption or sucrase-isomaltase insufficiency should not take this medicine as it contains lactose and sucrose.

4.5    Interaction with other medicinal products and other forms of interaction

Large doses of ascorbic acid may cause acidification of the urine which could alter the rate of renal excretion of some drugs. Ascorbic acid may increase the oral absorption of iron. It may also increase iron excretion when used in conjunction with desferrioxamine in the treatment of iron overload.

4.6    Fertility, pregnancy and lactation

There is inadequate evidence of the safety of ascorbic acid in human pregnancy but it has been in wide use for many years without apparent ill consequences, animal studies having shown no hazard. Ascorbic acid crosses the placenta. The established medical principal of only administering drugs in early pregnancy when considered absolutely necessary should be observed. Ascorbic acid is excreted in breast milk but there is no evidence of any hazard.

4.7    Effects on ability to drive and use machines

None.

4.8 Undesirable effects

Large doses of ascorbic acid may cause diarrhoea. Patients known to be at risk of hyperoxaluria should not ingest ascorbic acid in doses exceeding 1 gram daily, as there may be increased urinary oxalate excretion. However such a risk has not been demonstrated in normal, non-hyperoxaluric individuals. Ascorbic acid has been implicated in precipitating haemolytic anaemia in certain individuals with a deficiency of glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase.

Increased intake of ascorbic acid over a prolonged period may result in an increase in renal clearance of ascorbic acid, and deficiency may result if the intake is reduced or withdrawn rapidly. Doses of more than 600mg have a diuretic effect.

Reporting of suspected adverse reactions:

Reporting suspected adverse reactions after authorisation of the medicinal product is important. It allows continued monitoring of the benefit/risk balance of the medicinal product. Healthcare professionals are asked to report any suspected adverse reactions via the Yellow Card Scheme at: www.mhra.gov.uk/yellowcard.

4.9 Overdose

At doses of over 3 grams per day unabsorbed ascorbic acid is chiefly excreted unmetabolised in the faeces. Absorbed ascorbic acid additional to the body’s needs is rapidly eliminated. Large doses of ascorbic acid may cause diarrhoea and the formation of renal oxylate calculi. Symptomatic treatment may be required.

5 PHARMACOLOGICAL PROPERTIES

5.1 Pharmacodynamic properties

A11G A01 - Ascorbic Acid (Vit C), Plain

Ascorbic acid is essential for the synthesis of collagen and intercellular material involved in conversion of folic acid to folinic acid.

Ascorbic acid coupled with dehydroascorbic acid to which it is reversibly oxidised, has a variety of functions in cellular oxidation processes. Vitamin C is required in several important hydroxylations, including the conversion of proline to hydroxyproline (and thus in collagen formation e.g. for intercellular substances during wound healing); the formation of the neurotransmitters 5-hydroxytryptamine from tryptophan and noradrenaline from dopamine; and the biosynthesis of carnitine from lysine and methionine. Vitamin C appears to have an important role in metal ion metabolism, including the gastrointestinal absorption of iron and its transport between plasma and storage organs. There is also evidence that vitamin C is required for normal leukocyte function and that it participates in the detoxification of numerous foreign substances by the hepatic microsomal system.

Deficiency in vitamin C leads to scurvy, which may be manifested by weakness, fatigue, dyspnoea, aching bones, perifollicular hyperkeratoses, petechiae and ecchymoses, swelling and bleeding of gums, hypochromic anaemia and other haemopoietic disorders, together with reduced resistance to infection (and impaired wound healing).

5.2    Pharmacokinetic properties

Ascorbic acid is well absorbed from the gastro-intestinal tract, and is widely distributed to all tissues. Body stores of ascorbic acid normally are about 1.5 grams. The concentration is higher in leukocytes and platelets than in erythrocytes and plasma. Ascorbic acid additional to the body’s needs (generally amounts above 200mg daily) is rapidly eliminated; unmetabolised vitamin C and its inactive metabolic products are chiefly excreted in the urine. The amount of ascorbic acid excreted unchanged in the urine is dose dependent and may be accompanied by mild diuresis.

5.3    Preclinical safety data

No data of relevance which is additional to that already included in other sections of the SPC.

6 PHARMACEUTICAL PARTICULARS

6.1 List of excipients

Lactose

Potato Starch

Syrup

Talc

Stearic Acid

Colloidal Anhydrous Silica

6.2    Incompatibilities

Not applicable

6.3    Shelf life

3 years

6.4    Special precautions for storage

Do not store above 25 °C. Keep the container tightly closed. Store in the original container

6.5    Nature and contents of container

Polypropylene containers with low density polyethylene caps of 28, 100, 500 & 1000 tablets.

Not all pack sizes may be marketed.

6.6 Special precautions for disposal

Not applicable

7 MARKETING AUTHORISATION HOLDER

Dalkeith Laboratories Ltd

2 Park Street

Woburn

Bedfordshire

MK17 9PG

8    MARKETING AUTHORISATION NUMBER(S)

PL 17496/0012

9 DATE OF FIRST AUTHORISATION/RENEWAL OF THE AUTHORISATION

23/10/2000 / 09/01/2007

10 DATE OF REVISION OF THE TEXT

07/07/2015