Augmentin 375mg Tablets
Augmentin® 375 mg Tablets
Read all of this leaflet carefully before you start taking this medicine because it contains important information for you.
• Keep this leaflet. You may need to read it again.
• If you have any further questions, ask your doctor or pharmacist.
• This medicine has been prescribed for you (or for your child). Do not pass it on to others. It may harm them, even if their signs of illness are the same as yours.
• If you get any side effects, talk to your doctor or pharmacist. This includes any possible side effects not listed in this leaflet. See section 4.
Augmentin is an antibiotic and works by killing bacteria that cause infections. It contains two different medicines called amoxicillin and clavulanic acid. Amoxicillin belongs to a group of medicines called "penicillins" that can sometimes be stopped from working (made inactive). The other active component (clavulanic acid) stops this from happening.
Augmentin is used in adults and children to treat the following infections:
• sinus infections
• urinary tract infections
• skin infections
• dental infections.
1 What Augmentin is and what it is used for
2 What you need to know before you take Augmentin
3 How to take Augmentin
4 Possible side effects
5 How to store Augmentin
6 Contents of the pack and other information
• if you are allergic to amoxicillin, clavulanic acid, penicillin or any of the other ingredients of this medicine (listed in section 6)
• if you have ever had a severe allergic (hypersensitive) reaction to any other antibiotic. This can include a skin rash or swelling of the face or neck
• if you have ever had liver problems or jaundice (yellowing of the skin) when taking an antibiotic.
-» Do not take Augmentin if any of the above apply to you. If you are not sure, talk to your doctor or pharmacist before taking Augmentin.
Talk to your doctor or pharmacist before taking Augmentin if you:
• have glandular fever
• are being treated for liver or kidney problems
• are not passing water regularly.
If you are not sure if any of the above apply to you, talk to your doctor or pharmacist before taking Augmentin.
In some cases, your doctor may investigate the type of bacteria that is causing your infection. Depending on the results, you may be given a different strength of Augmentin or a different medicine.
Augmentin can make some existing conditions worse, or cause serious side effects. These include allergic reactions, convulsions (fits) and inflammation of the large intestine. You must look out for certain symptoms while you are taking Augmentin, to reduce the risk of any problems. See 'Conditions you need to look out for’ in section 4.
If you are having blood tests (such as red blood cell status tests or liver function tests) or urine tests (for glucose), let the doctor or nurse know that you are taking Augmentin. This is because Augmentin can affect the results of these types of tests.
Tell your doctor or pharmacist if you are using, have recently used or might use any other medicines.
• If you are taking allopurinol (used for gout) with Augmentin, it may be more likely that you will have an allergic skin reaction.
• If you are taking probenecid (used for gout), your doctor may decide to adjust your dose of Augmentin.
• If medicines to help stop blood clots (such as warfarin) are taken with Augmentin then extra blood tests may be needed.
• Augmentin can affect how methotrexate
(a medicine used to treat cancer or rheumatic diseases) works.
• Augmentin may affect how mycophenolate mofetil (a medicine used to prevent the rejection of transplanted organs) works.
If you are pregnant or breast-feeding, think you may be pregnant or are planning to have a baby, ask your doctor or pharmacist for advice before taking this medicine.
Augmentin can have side effects and the symptoms may make you unfit to drive.
Do not drive or operate machinery unless you are feeling well.
Always take Augmentin exactly as your doctor or pharmacist has told you. Check with your doctor or pharmacist if you are not sure.
The usual dose is:
• 1 tablet three times a day
Children aged 6 years or less should preferably be treated with Augmentin oral suspension or sachets. Augmentin tablets are not recommended.
• If you have kidney problems the dose might be changed. A different strength or different medicine may be chosen by your doctor.
• If you have liver problems you may have more frequent blood tests to check your liver is working.
• Swallow the tablets whole with a glass of water at the start of a meal or slightly before
• Space the doses evenly during the day, at least 4 hours apart. Do not take 2 doses in 1 hour.
• Do not take Augmentin for more than
2 weeks. If you still feel unwell you should go back to see the doctor.
If you take too much Augmentin, signs might include an upset stomach (feeling sick, being sick or diarrhoea) or convulsions. Talk to your doctor as soon as possible. Take the medicine carton or bottle to show the doctor.
• If you forget to take a dose take it as soon as you remember.
• You should not take the next dose too soon, but wait around 4 hours before taking the next dose. Do not take a double dose to make up for a forgotten dose.
Keep taking Augmentin until the treatment is finished, even if you feel better. You need every dose to help fight the infection. If some bacteria survive they can cause the infection to come back.
If you have any further questions on the use of this medicine, ask your doctor or pharmacist.
Like all medicines, this medicine can cause side effects, although not everybody gets them.
• skin rash
• inflammation of blood vessels (vasculitis) which may be visible as red or purple raised spots on the skin, but can affect other parts of the body
• fever, joint pain, swollen glands in the neck, armpit or groin
• swelling, sometimes of the face or mouth
(angioedema), causing difficulty in breathing
-» Contact a doctor immediately if you get any of these symptoms. Stop taking Augmentin.
Inflammation of the large intestine, causing watery diarrhoea usually with blood and mucus, stomach pain and/or fever.
-» Contact your doctor as soon as possible for
advice if you get these symptoms.
These may affect more than 1 in 10 people
• diarrhoea (in adults).
These may affect up to 1 in 10 people
• thrush (Candida - a yeast infection of the vagina, mouth or skin folds)
• feeling sick (nausea), especially when taking high doses
-» if affected take Augmentin before food
• diarrhoea (in children).
These may affect up to 1 in 100 people
• skin rash, itching
• raised itchy rash (hives)
Uncommon side effects that may show up in your blood tests:
• increase in some substances (enzymes) produced by the liver.
These may affect up to 1 in 1000 people
• skin rash, which may blister, and looks like small targets (central dark spots surrounded by a paler area, with a dark ring around the edge - erythema multiforme)
^ if you notice any of these symptoms contact a doctor urgently.
Rare side effects that may show up in your blood tests:
• low number of cells involved in blood clotting
• low number of white blood cells.
Frequency cannot be estimated from the available data.
• Allergic reactions (see above)
• Inflammation of the large intestine (see above)
• Inflammation of the protective membrane surrounding the brain (aseptic meningitis)
• Serious skin reactions:
- a widespread rash with blisters and peeling skin, particularly around the mouth, nose, eyes and genitals (Stevens-Johnson syndrome), and a more severe form, causing extensive peeling of the skin (more than 30% of the body surface - toxic epidermal necrolysis)
- widespread red skin rash with small pus-containing blisters (bullous exfoliative dermatitis)
- a red, scaly rash with bumps under the skin and blisters (exanthemous pustulosis').
Contact a doctor immediately if you get any of these symptoms.
• inflammation of the liver (hepatitis)
• jaundice, caused by increases in the blood of bilirubin (a substance produced in the liver) which may make your skin and whites of the eyes appear yellow
• inflammation of tubes in the kidney
• blood takes longer to clot
• convulsions (in people taking high doses of Augmentin or who have kidney problems)
• black tongue which looks hairy
Side effects that may show up in your blood or urine tests:
• severe reduction in the number of white blood cells
• low number of red blood cells (haemolytic anaemia)
• crystals in urine.
If you get any side effects, talk to your doctor or pharmacist. This includes any possible side effects not listed in this leaflet. You can also report side effects directly via the Yellow Card Scheme at:
www.mhra.gov.uk/yellowcard By reporting side effects you can help provide more information on the safety of this medicine.
• Keep this medicine out of the sight and reach of children.
• Do not use this medicine after the expiry date which is stated on the carton. The expiry date refers to the last day of that month.
• Do not store above 25°C.
• Tablets supplied in pouches should be used within 30 days of opening the pouch.
• Store in the original package in order to protect from moisture.
• Do not use if the tablets are chipped or damaged.
• Do not throw away any medicines via wastewater or household waste. Ask your pharmacist how to throw away medicines you no longer use. These measures will help protect the environment.
• The active substances are amoxicillin and clavulanic acid. Each tablet contains amoxicillin trihydrate equivalent to 250 mg amoxicillin and potassium clavulanate equivalent to 125 mg of clavulanic acid.
• The other ingredients are:
Tablet core - magnesium stearate, sodium starch glycolate type A, colloidal anhydrous silica, microcrystalline cellulose.
Film coat - titanium dioxide (E171), hypromellose, macrogol (4000, 6000) and silicone oil (dimeticone).
Augmentin 250 mg/125 mg film-coated tablets are white to off-white, oval shaped tablets debossed with "Augmentin" on one side. They are packaged in blister packs inside a pouch, enclosed in a carton. The pouch contains a desiccant sachet. The desiccant must be kept inside the pouch and must not be eaten. Each pack contains 21 tablets.
Marketing Authorisation Holder:
Beecham Group plc, Stockley Park West, Uxbridge, Middlesex UB11 1BT Manufacturer: SmithKline Beecham, Worthing, West Sussex BN14 8QH
To listen to or request a copy of this leaflet in Braille, large print or audio please call, free of charge:
0800 198 5000 (UK Only)
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Product name Augmentin 375 mg Tablets
Reference number 00038/0270
This is a service provided by the Royal National Institute of Blind People.
This leaflet was last revised in January 2016.
Augmentin is a registered trade mark of the GSK group of companies.
© 2016 GSK group of companies. All rights reserved.
Antibiotics are used to treat infections caused by bacteria. They have no effect against infections caused by viruses.
Sometimes an infection caused by bacteria does not respond to a course of an antibiotic. One of the commonest reasons for this to occur is because the bacteria causing the infection are resistant to the antibiotic that is being taken. This means that they can survive and even multiply despite the antibiotic.
Bacteria can become resistant to antibiotics for many reasons. Using antibiotics carefully can help to reduce the chance of bacteria becoming resistant to them.
When your doctor prescribes a course of an antibiotic it is intended to treat only your current illness. Paying attention to the following advice will help prevent the emergence of resistant bacteria that could stop the antibiotic working.
1. It is very important that you take the antibiotic at the right dose, at the right times and for the right number of days. Read the instructions on the label and if you do not understand anything ask your doctor or pharmacist to explain.
2. You should not take an antibiotic unless it has been prescribed specifically for you and you should use it only to treat the infection for which it was prescribed.
3. You should not take antibiotics that have been prescribed for other people even if they had an infection that was similar to yours.
4. You should not give antibiotics that were prescribed for you to other people.
5. If you have any antibiotic left over when you have taken the course as directed by your doctor you should take the remainder to a pharmacy for appropriate disposal.