Bilosin 200 Mg/Ml Solution For Injection
Revised: 10 March 2010
Summary of Product Characteristics
1. Name of the Veterinary Medicinal Product
Bilosin 200mg/ml, Solution for injection
2. Qualitative and Quantitative Composition
Each ml contains:
Tylosin Base 200 mg
Benzyl Alcohol 41.66mg
For a full list of excipients, see section 6.1
Solution for injection
A clear, sterile, yellow solution
4. Clinical Particulars
4.1 Target Species
4.2 Indications for use, specifying the target species
For the treatment in pigs of diseases involving organisms sensitive to tylosin, such as swine erysipelas (Erysipelothrix rhusiopathiae), and pneumonia (Mycoplasma hyopneumoniae).
Not to be used in animals known to be hypersensitive to the active ingredient.
4.4 Special Warnings for each target species
4.5 Special Precautions For Use
i. Special precautions for use in animals
Not recommended for horses.
Official, national and regional antimicrobial policies should be taken into account when the product is used.
ii. Special precautions for the person administering the veterinary medicinal product to animals
Care should be taken to avoid accidental self-injection. If accidental self-injection occurs, seek medical attention immediately. In the event of accidental skin contact, wash thoroughly with soap and water. In case of accidental eye contact, flush the eyes with plenty of clean, running water. Wash hands after use. Tylosin may induce irritation. Macrolides, such as tylosin, may also cause hypersensitivity (allergy) following injection, inhalation, ingestion or contact with skin or eye. Hypersensitivity to tylosin may lead to cross reactions to other macrolides and vice versa. Allergic reactions to these substances may occasionally be serious and therefore direct contact should be avoided. If you develop symptoms following exposure, such as skin rash, you should seek medical advice and show the physician this warning. Swelling of the face, lips and eyes or difficulty in breathing are more serious symptoms and require urgent medical attention.
4.6 Adverse reactions (frequency and seriousness)
Tolerance studies and toxicity studies suggest that undesirable effects are unlikely. Occasionally swelling at the injection site may occur, but this effect is transient.
4.7 Use during pregnancy, lactation or lay
Reports of adverse reproductive effects have not been noted. Use with care in pregnant animals.
4.8 Interaction with other medicinal products and other forms of interaction
4.9 Amount(s) to be administered and administration route
0.5 ml /10 kg bodyweight, equivalent to 10 mg of tylosin per kg bodyweight, by deep intramuscular injection every 12 hours, up to a maximum of 6 injections.
Do not inject more than 5 mls at a single injection site.
To ensure a correct dosage, bodyweight should be determined as accurately as possible to avoid under dosing.
4.10 Overdose (symptoms, emergency procedures, antidotes), if necessary
Tolerance studies of up to 156% of the recommended dosage rate have been carried out with localised swelling at the injection site being the only adverse effect. The lowest recorded LD50for tylosin from other acute toxicity studies was 400mg/kg bodyweight (40 times the recommended dosage rate) by intravenous injection in mice.
4.11 Withdrawal period(s)
Pigs (meat & offal): 46 days.
5. Pharmacological Properties
Pharmacotherapeutic group:Macrolide antibiotic
Pharmacodynamic/ Pharmacokinetic properties
Bilosin 200 injection is an antibiotic preparation for parenteral administration to pigs. The active ingredient is Tylosin. Each ml of Bilosin 200 contains 200 mg of the active ingredient. Tylosin is a macrolide antibiotic which acts by interfering with bacterial protein synthesis. It has a spectrum of activity and mode of action similar to that of erythromycin, being usually bacteriostatic and largely active against Gram-positive aerobes like Erysipelothrix. Macrolides are well absorbed and often concentrate within cells and macrophages thereby targeting intracellular pathogens including Mycoplasmas.
6. Pharmaceutical Particulars
List of excipients
Hydrochloric acid, concentrated (for pH adjustment) or
Sodium Hydroxide, 20% solution (for pH adjustment)
Water for injections
6.3 Shelf life
Shelf life of the veterinary medicinal product as packaged for sale: 3 years
Shelf life after first opening the immediate packaging: 28 days.
6.4 Special precautions for storage
Do not store above 25oC
Protect from light.
Following withdrawal of the first dose use the product within 28 days. Discard unused material.
6.5 Nature and composition of immediate packaging
Multidose, 100 ml, amber, Type II glass vial, sealed with a bromobutyl rubber stopper and capped with an aluminium overseal.
6.6 Special precautions for the disposal of unused veterinary medicinal product or waste materials derived from the use of such products, if appropriate
Any unused veterinary medicinal product or waste materials derived from such veterinary medicinal products should be disposed of in accordance with local requirements.
7. Marketing Authorisation Holder
Bimeda Chemicals Ltd., a division of Cross Vetpharm Group Limited
Marketing Authorisation Number(s)
9. Date of First Authorisation
10. Date of Revision of Text