Bisacodyl 5mg Gastro-Resistant Tablets
Bisacodyl 5 mg, gastro-resistant tablets
Each tablet contains Bisacodyl 5 mg.
Excipients: This product contains 64.42 mg lactose monohydrate, 53.00 mg sucrose and 0.04 mg tartrazine lake (E102) per tablet.
For a full list of excipients, see 6.1
Yellow shiny biconvex sugar coated and enteric coated tablet.
For short-term use for constipation.
Constipation, either chronic or of recent onset, whenever a stimulant laxative is required.
Bowel clearance before surgery or radiological investigation. Replacement of the evacuant enema in all its indications.
Short-term treatment for constipation:
Adults and children over 10 years: 1 - 2 tablets (5 - 10 mg) daily
Children 4 to 10 years: 1 tablet (5 mg) daily before
It is recommended to start with the lowest dose. The dose might be adjusted up to the maximum recommended dose to produce regular stools. The maximum daily dose should not be exceeded.
In the management of constipation, once regularity has been restarted dosage should be reduced and can usually be stopped.
Children aged 10 years or younger with chronic or persistent constipation should only be treated under the guidance of a physician. Bisacodyl 5 mg gastro-resistant tablets should not be used in children aged 4 years or younger.
For preparation of diagnostic procedures and preoperatively Should only be used under medical supervision
Adults and children over 10 years: 2 tablets (10 mg) in the morning
and 2 tablets (10 mg) in the evening.
Children 4 to 10 years: 1 tablet (5 mg) in the evening
Instructions for use
It is recommended to take the coated tablets at night to have a bowel movement the following morning. They should be swallowed whole with an adequate amount of fluid.
The coated tablets should not be taken together with products which reduce the acidity of the upper gastrointestinal tract, such as milk, antacids or proton pump inhibitors, in order not to prematurely dissolve the enteric coating.
No specific information on the use of this product in the elderly is available. Clinical trials have included patients over 65 years and no adverse reactions specific to this age group have been reported.
Bisacodyl 5 mg, gastro-resistant tablets are contraindicated in patients with ileus, intestinal obstruction, acute abdominal conditions including appendicitis, acute inflammatory bowel diseases and severe abdominal pain associated with nausea and vomiting which may be indicative of the aforementioned severe conditions.
Bisacodyl 5 mg gastro-resistant tablets are also contra-indicated in severe dehydration and in patients with known hypersensitivity to bisacodyl or any other component of the product.
In case of hereditary conditions that may be incompatible with an excipient of the product (please refer to “Special warnings and special precautions for use” the use of the product is contraindicated.
As with all laxatives, Bisacodyl 5 mg gastro-resistant tablets should not be taken on a continuous daily basis for more than five days without investigating the cause of constipation.
Prolonged use may precipitate the onset of an atonic, non-functioning colon.
Prolonged and excessive use may lead to fluid and electrolyte imbalance and hypokalaemia.
Intestinal loss of fluids can promote dehydration. Symptoms may include thirst and oliguria. In patients suffering from fluid loss where dehydration may be harmful (e.g. renal insufficiency, elderly patients), bisacodyl should be discontinued and restarted under medical supervision.
Laxatives do not help in long term weight loss.
Patients may experience haematochezia (blood in stool) that is generally mild and self-limiting.
Dizziness and / or syncope have been reported in patients who have taken bisacodyl. The details available for these cases suggest that the events would be consistent with defecation syncope (or syncope attributable to straining at stool), or with a vasovagal response to abdominal pain related to the constipation, and not necessarily to the administration of biscodyl itself.
There have been isolated reports of abdominal pain and bloody diarrhea occurring after taking bisacodyl. Some cases have been shown to be associated with colonic mucosal ischaemia.
Bisacodyl should not be taken by children under 10 years without medical advice.
This product contains a small amount of lactose (64.42 mg) and sucrose (53.00 mg) in each tablet. Patients with rare hereditary problems of galactose intolerance, fructose intolerance, the Lapp lactase deficiency, sucrase-isomaltase insufficiency or glucose-galactose malabsorption should not take this medicine.
This product contains Tartrazine lake (E102) which may cause allergic reactions.
4.5 Interactions with other medicinal products and other forms of interaction
The concomitant use of antacids or milk products may reduce the resistance of the coating of the tablets and result in dyspepsia and gastric irritation.
The concomitant use of diuretics or adreno-corticosteroids may increase the risk of electrolyte imbalance if excessive doses of bisacodyl are taken.
Electrolyte imbalance may lead to increased sensitivity to cardiac glycosides.
No studies on the effect on human fertility have been conducted.
There are no adequate and well-controlled studies in pregnant women. Long experience has shown no evidence of undesirable or damaging effects during pregnancy.
Clinical data show that neither the active moiety of bisacodyl (BHPM or bis-(p-hydroxyphenyl)-pyridyl-2-methane) nor its glucuronides are excreted into the milk of healthy lactating females.
Nevertheless, as with all medicines, bisacodyl should not be taken during pregnancy, especially the first trimester, and during breast feeding unless the expected benefit is thought to outweigh any possible risk and only on medical advice.
4.7 Effects on ability to drive and use machines
No studies on the effects of bisacodyl on the ability to drive and use machines have been performed.
However, patients should be advised that due to a vasovagal response (e.g. to abdominal spasm) they may experience dizziness and / or syncope. If patients experience abdominal spasm they should avoid potentially hazardous tasks such as driving or operating machinery.
4.8 Undesirable Effects
The most commonly reported adverse reactions during treatment are abdominal pain and diarrhoea.
Adverse events have been ranked under headings of frequency using the following convention: Very common (> 1/10); common (> 1/100, < 1/10); uncommon (> 1/1000, <1/100); rare (> 1/10000, <1/1000); very rare (<1/10000).
Immune system disorders
Rare: anaphylactic reactions, angioedema, hypersensitivity.
Metabolism and nutrition disorders Rare: dehydration.
Nervous system disorders Uncommon: dizziness.
Dizziness and syncope occurring after taking bisacodyl appear to be consistent with a vasovagal response (e.g. to abdominal spasm, defaecation).
Uncommon: haematochezia (blood in stool), vomiting, abdominal discomfort, anorectal discomfort.
Common: abdominal cramps, abdominal pain, diarrhoea and nausea.
This product contains Tartrazine lake (E102) which may cause allergic reactions.
Reporting of suspected adverse reactions
Reporting suspected adverse reactions after authorisation of the medicinal product is important. It allows continued monitoring of the benefit / risk balance of the medicinal product. Healthcare professionals are asked to report any suspected adverse reactions via the Yellow Card Scheme at: www.mhra.gov.uk/yellowcard.
Symptoms: If high doses are taken watery stools (diarrhea), abdominal cramps and a clinically significant loss of fluid, potassium and other electrolytes can occur. Laxatives when taken in chronic overdose may cause chronic diarrhoea, abdominal pain, hypokalaemia, secondary hyperaldosteronism and renal calculi. Renal tubular damage, metabolic alkalosis and muscle weakness secondary to hypokalaemia have also been described in association with chronic laxative abuse.
Therapy: After ingestion of oral forms of bisacodyl, absorption can be minimised or prevented by inducing vomiting or gastric lavage. Replacement of fluids and correction of electrolyte imbalance may be required. This is especially important in the elderly and the young. Administration of antispasmodics may be of some value.
5. Pharmacological Properties
5.1 Pharmacodynamic Properties
Bisacodyl is a locally acting laxative from diphenylmethane derivatives group having a dual action. As a contact laxative, for which also antiresorptive hydragogue effects have been described, bisacodyl stimulates after hydrolysis in the large intestine, the mucosa of both the large intestine and of the rectum. Stimulation of the mucosa of the large intestine results in colonic peristalsis with promotion of accumulation of water, and consequently electrolytes, in the colonic lumen. This results in a stimulation of defecation, reduction of transit time and softening of the stool. Stimulation of the rectum causes increased motility and a feeling of rectal fullness. The rectal effect may help to restore the “call to stool” although its clinical relevance remains to be established.
5.2 Pharmacokinetic Properties
Following either oral or rectal administration, bisacodyl is rapidly hydrolyzed to the active principle bis-(p-hydroxyphenyl)-pyridyl-2-methane (BHPM), mainly by esterases of the enteric mucosa.
Administration as an enteric coated tablet was found to result in maximum BHPM plasma concentrations between 4 - 10 hours post administration whereas the laxative effect occurred between 6 - 12 hours post administration. In contrast, following the administration as a suppository, the laxative effect occurred on average approximately 20 minutes post administration; in some cases it occurred 45 minutes after administration. The maximum BHPM-plasma concentrations were achieved 0.5 - 3 hours following the administration as a suppository. Hence, the laxative effect of bisacodyl does not correlate with the plasma level of BHPM. Instead, BHPM acts locally in the lower part of the intestine and there is no relationship between the laxative effect and plasma levels of the active moiety. For this reason, bisacodyl coated tablets are formulated to be resistant to gastric and small intestinal juice. This results in a main release of the drug in the colon, which is the desired site of action.
After oral and rectal administration, only small amounts of the drug are absorbed and are almost completely conjugated in the intestinal wall and the liver to form the inactive BHPM glucuronide. The plasma elimination half-life of BHPM glucuronide was estimated to be approximately 16.5 hours. Following the administration of bisacodyl coated tablets, an average of 51.8% of the dose was recovered in the faeces as free BHPM and an average of 10.5% of the dose was recovered in the urine as BHPM glucuronide. Following the administration as a suppository, an average of 3.1% of the dose was recovered as BHPM glucuronide in the urine. Stool contained large amounts of BHPM (90% of the total excretion) in addition to small amounts of unchanged bisacodyl.
There are no preclinical safety data of relevance to the prescriber which are additional to that already included in other sections of the SPC.
Lactose monohydrate Liquid paraffin Maize starch
Magnesium stearate (E572)
Methacrylic acid -ethyl acrylate co-polymer (1:1) dispersion 30%.
Sugar Coat; Povidone K30 Talc
Kaolin light Sucrose
Titanium dioxide (E171) Tartrazine lake (E102)
6.4 Special Precautions for Storage
Do not store above 25°C.
Store in the original container.
Keep the container tightly closed (for polypropylene container only).
6.5 Nature and Contents of Container
Blister packs (cartons) of 20 tablets, 60 tablets and 100 tablets.
Blister strips are composed of Aluminium PVC 250 um White PVC / 60gsm PVDC Tablet Container composed of Polypropylene material Container Cap composed of Polyethylene material Pack sizes: 500 and 1000 tablets.
Chanelle Medical Loughrea Co. Galway Ireland
9 DATE OF FIRST AUTHORISATION/RENEWAL OF THE AUTHORISATION
18 July 2001
10 DATE OF REVISION OF THE TEXT