Bosentan Actavis 62.5mg Film-Coated Tablets
Read all of this leaflet carefully before you start taking this medicine because it contains important
information for you.
- Keep this leaflet. You may need to read it again.
- If you have any further questions, ask your doctor or pharmacist.
- This medicine has been prescribed for you only. Do not pass it on to others. It may harm them, even if their signs of illness are the same as yours.
- If you get any side effects, talk to your doctor or pharmacist. This includes any possible side effects not listed in this leaflet. See section 4.
- The full name of this medicine is Bosentan 62.5mg, 125mg Film-coated Tablets but within the leaflet it will be referred to as Bosentan Tablets.
1. What Bosentan Tablets are and what they are used for
2. What you need to know before you take Bosentan Tablets
3. How to take Bosentan Tablets
4. Possible side effects
5. How to store Bosentan Tablets
6. Contents of the pack and other information
Bosentan Tablets contain bosentan which blocks naturally occurring hormone called endothelin-1 (ET-1), which causes blood vessels to narrow. Bosentan Tablets therefore causes blood vessels to expand and belongs to the class of medicines called “endothelin receptor antagonists”.
Bosentan Tablets are used to treat:
- Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH): PAH is a disease of severe narrowing of the blood vessels in the lungs resulting in high blood pressure in the blood vessels (the pulmonary arteries) that carry blood from the heart to the lungs. This pressure reduces the amount of oxygen that can get into the blood in the lungs, making physical activity more difficult. Bosentan Tablets widens the pulmonary arteries, making it easier for the heart to pump blood through them. This lowers the blood pressure and relieves the symptoms.
Bosentan Tablets are used to treat patients with class III pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) to improve exercise capacity (the ability to carry out physical activity) and symptoms. The ‘class’ reflects the seriousness of the disease: ‘class III’ involves marked limitation of physical activity. Some improvements have also been shown in patients with class II PAH. ‘Class II’ involves slight limitation of physical activity. The PAH for which Bosentan Tablets are indicated can be:
- primary (with no identified cause or familial);
- caused by scleroderma (also called systemic sclerosis, a disease where there is abnormal growth of the connective tissue that supports the skin and other organs);
- caused by congenital (inborn) heart defects with shunts (abnormal passageways) causing abnormal flow of blood through the heart and lungs.
- Digital ulcers (sores on the fingers and toes) in adult patients with a condition called scleroderma. Bosentan Tablets reduce the number of new finger and toe ulcers that appear.
- if you are allergic to bosentan or any of the other ingredients of this medicine (listed in section 6)
- if you have liver problems (ask your doctor)
- if you are pregnant, or could get pregnant because you are not using reliable contraceptive methods. Please read the information under “contraceptives” and “Other medicines and Bosentan Tablets
- if you are taking cyclosporine A (a medicine used after a transplant or to treat psoriasis).
If any of these apply to you, tell your doctor.
Talk to your doctor or pharmacist before taking Bosentan Tablets.
- a blood test to check your liver function
- a blood test to check for anaemia (low haemoglobin)
- a pregnancy test if you are a woman of child-bearing potential
Some patients taking Bosentan Tablets have been found to have abnormal liver function tests and anaemia (low haemoglobin).
During treatment with Bosentan Tablets, your doctor will arrange for regular blood tests to check for changes in your liver function and haemoglobin level.
For all these tests please refer also to the Patient Alert Card (inside your pack of Bosentan Tablets). It is important that you have these regular blood tests as long as you are taking Bosentan Tablets. We suggest you write the date of your most recent test and also of your next test (ask your doctor for the date) on the Patient Alert Card, to help you remember when your next test is due.
These will be done every month for the duration of treatment with Bosentan Tablets. After an increase in dose an additional test will be done after 2 weeks.
These will be done every month for the first 4 months of treatment, then every 3 months after that, as patients taking Bosentan Tablets may get anaemia.
If these results are abnormal, your doctor may decide to reduce your dose or stop treatment with Bosentan Tablets and to perform further tests to investigate the cause.
Bosentan Tablets are not recommended in paediatric patients with systemic sclerosis and ongoing digital ulcer disease. Bosentan Tablets should also not be used in children with a body weight below 31 kg and certain other weight ranges with pulmonary arterial hypertension. Please see also section 3. How to take Bosentan Tablets.
Please tell your doctor or pharmacist if you are taking or have recently taken any other medicines, including medicines obtained without a prescription. It is especially important to tell your doctor if you are taking:
- cyclosporine A (a medicine used after transplants and to treat psoriasis), which must not be used together with Bosentan Tablets
- sirolimus or tacrolimus, which are medicines used after transplants, as these are not recommended to be used together with Bosentan Tablets
- glibenclamide (a diabetes medicine), rifampicin (a tuberculosis medicine) or fluconazole (a medicine against fungal infections), nevirapine (an HIV medicine) as these medicines are not recommended to be used together with Bosentan Tablets
- other medicines for the treatment of HIV infection, which may require special monitoring if used together with Bosentan Tablets
- hormonal contraceptives, which are not effective as the sole method of contraception when you take Bosentan Tablets. Inside your pack of Bosentan Tablets you will find a Patient Alert Card which you should read carefully. Your doctor and/or gynaecologist will establish the contraception which is appropriate for you.
Bosentan Tablets has no or negligible influence on the ability to drive and use machines. However, Bosentan Tablets can induce hypotension (decrease of your blood pressure) which can make you feel dizzy and affect your ability to drive and use machines. Therefore, if you feel dizzy while taking Bosentan Tablets, do not drive or operate any tools or machines.
Do NOT take Bosentan Tablets if you are pregnant or planning to become pregnant.
Bosentan Tablets may harm unborn babies conceived before starting or during treatment. If you are a woman who could become pregnant, your doctor will ask you to take a pregnancy test before you start taking Bosentan Tablets, and regularly while you are taking Bosentan Tablets.
If it is possible that you could become pregnant, use a reliable form of birth control (contraception) while you are taking Bosentan Tablets. Your doctor or gynaecologist will advise you about reliable contraceptive methods while taking Bosentan Tablets. Because Bosentan Tablets may make hormonal contraception (e.g., oral, injection, implant, or skin patches) ineffective, this method on its own is not reliable. Therefore, if you use hormonal contraceptives you must also use a barrier method (e.g., female condom, diaphragm, contraceptive sponge, or your partner must also use a condom). Inside your pack of Bosentan Tablets you will find a Patient Alert Card. You should complete this card and take it to your doctor at your next visit so that your doctor or gynaecologist can assess whether you need additional or alternative reliable contraceptive methods. Monthly pregnancy tests are recommended while you are taking Bosentan Tablets and are of childbearing age.
- Tell your doctor immediately if you become pregnant while you are taking Bosentan Tablets, or plan to become pregnant in the near future.
Tell your doctor immediately if you are breast feeding. You are advised to stop breast feeding if Bosentan Tablets is prescribed for you, because it is not known whether this medicine passes into breast milk.
If you are a man taking Bosentan Tablets, it is possible that this medicine may lower your sperm count. It cannot be excluded that this may affect your ability to father a child. Talk to your doctor if you have any questions or concerns about this.
Treatment with Bosentan Tablets should only be started and monitored by a doctor who has experience in the treatment of PAH or systemic sclerosis. Always take this medicine exactly as your doctor has told you. Check with your doctor or pharmacist if you are not sure.
Bosentan Tablets can be taken with or without food.
The treatment in adults is usually started for the first 4 weeks with 62.5mg twice daily (morning and
evening), from then your doctor will usually advise you to take a 125mg tablet twice daily, depending on how you react to Bosentan Tablets.
The dose recommendation in children is only for PAH. Treatment with Bosentan Tablets is usually started with 2mg per kg bodyweight twice daily (morning and evening); however, some doses of bosentan are not possible in children with a body weight below 31 kg and certain other weight ranges. For such patients a bosentan tablet with lower strength is needed. Your doctor will advise you on your dosing.
Tablets should be taken (morning and evening), swallowed with water. The tablets can be taken with or without food.
If you take more tablets than you have been told to take, contact your doctor immediately.
If you forget to take Bosentan Tablets, take a dose as soon as you remember, then continue to take your tablets at the usual times. Do not take a double dose to make up for a forgotten tablet.
Suddenly stopping your treatment with Bosentan Tablets may lead to your symptoms getting worse. Do not stop taking Bosentan Tablets unless your doctor tells you to. Your doctor may tell you to reduce the dose over a few days before stopping completely.
If you have any further questions on the use of this medicine, ask your doctor or pharmacist.
Like all medicines, this medicine can cause side effects, although not everybody gets them.
The most serious side effects with Bosentan Tablets are
- Abnormal liver function which may affect more than 1 in 10 people
- Anaemia (low blood value) which may affect up to 1 in 10 people. Anaemia may occasionally require blood transfusion.
Your liver and blood values will be monitored during treatment with Bosentan Tablets (see section 2). It is important that you have these tests as ordered by your doctor.
Signs that your liver may not be working properly include:
- nausea (urge to vomit)
- fever (high temperature)
- pain in your stomach (abdomen)
- jaundice (yellowing of your skin or the whites of your eyes)
- dark-coloured urine
- itching of your skin
- lethargy or fatigue (unusual tiredness or exhaustion)
- flu-like syndrome (joint and muscle pain with fever).
If you notice any of these signs tell your doctor immediately Other side effects:
Very common (may affect more than 1 in 10 people):
- oedema (swelling of the legs and ankles or other signs of fluid retention).
Common (may affect up to 1 in 10 people):
- flushed appearance or redness of skin
- hypersensitivity reactions (including skin inflammation, itching and rash)
- stuffy nose
- gastrooesophageal reflux disease (acid reflux)
- syncope (fainting)
- palpitations (fast or irregular heartbeats)
- low blood pressure.
Uncommon (may affect up to 1 in 100 people):
- thrombocytopenia (low number of blood platelets)
- neutropenia/leukopenia (low number of white blood cells)
- elevated liver function tests with hepatitis (inflammation of the liver) and/or jaundice (yellowing of the skin or the whites of the eyes).
Rare (may affect up to 1 in 1,000 people):
- anaphylaxis (general allergic reaction), angioedema (swelling, most commonly around the eyes, lips, tongue or throat)
- cirrhosis (scarring) of the liver, liver failure (serious disturbance of liver function).
The side effects that have been reported in children with Bosentan Tablets are the same as those in adults.
If you get any side effects, talk to your doctor or pharmacist. This includes any possible side effects not listed in this leaflet. You can also report side effects directly via the Yellow Card Scheme Website: www.mhra.gov.uk/yellowcard
By reporting side effects you can help provide more information on the safety of this medicine.
Keep this medicine out of the sight and reach of children.
Do not use this medicine after the expiry date which is stated on the carton and on the blister after “EXP”. The expiry date refers to the last day of that month.
Do not store above 30°C.
Do not throw away any medicines via wastewater or household waste. Ask your pharmacist how to throw away any medicines you no longer use. These measures will help to protect the environment.
- The active substance is bosentan as monohydrate. Each tablet contains 62.5mg of bosentan (as monohydrate).
- The active substance is bosentan as monohydrate. Each tablet contains 125mg of bosentan (as monohydrate).
The tablet core: maize starch, pregelatinised starch, sodium starch glycollate, povidone, glycerol dibehenate, magnesium stearate.
hypromellose, glycerol triacetate, talc, titanium dioxide (E171), iron oxide yellow (E172), iron oxide red (E172), ethylcellulose.
Bosentan Tablets 62.5mg film-coated tablets are pale yellow coloured, round, biconvex, debossed with “111” on one side and “A” on the other side.
Bosentan Tablets 125mg film-coated tablets are pale yellow coloured, capsule shaped, biconvex, debossed with “117” on one side and “A” on the other side.
The blister packs contain 10, 14, 30, 56, 60 and 112 film coated tablets.
Not all pack sizes may be marketed.
Actavis Group PTC ehf.
Reykjavikurvegi 76-78 220 Hafnarfjordur Iceland
Balkanpharma - Dupnitsa AD 3, Samokovsko Shose Str.
2600 Dupnitsa Bulgaria
If you would like a leaflet with larger text, please contact
Pil Spec no
Actavis, Barnstaple, EX32 8NS, UK
Blood Test for Liver Function
Your monthly liver blood test schedule:
Important Safety Reminders for Patients taking
Some patients taking Bosentan Tablets were found to
Bosentan Tablets (bosentan)
This card contains important information about
have abnormal liver function tests. During treatment with Bosentan Tablets, your doctor will arrange for
Bosentan Tablets. Please read this card carefully before starting your treatment with Bosentan Tablets.
regular blood tests to check for changes in your liver function. Remember to have your liver blood test every
month. After an increase in dose, an additional test will be done after 2 weeks.
Date of first monthly test:
If you have questions about Bosentan Tablets ask your doctor.
If you are a female patient of child bearing age read this page carefully
Bosentan Tablets may harm the development of the foetus. Therefore, you should not take Bosentan Tablets if you are pregnant and you should also not become pregnant while taking Bosentan Tablets. Moreover, if you are suffering from pulmonary hypertension disease, the occurrence of a pregnancy can severely deteriorate the symptoms of your disease. If you suspect you may be pregnant, tell your doctor or gynaecologist.
Birth control based on hormones, such as oral contraceptives or birth control pills, hormone injections, implants, or birth control skin patches don’t reliably prevent pregnancy in women who are taking Bosentan Tablets. You need to use a barrier form of birth control like a condom, diaphragm or vaginal sponge, in addition to any of these kinds of hormonal birth control. Be sure to discuss any questions you may have with your doctor or your gynaecologist.
Complete the details on the back of this card and take it to your doctor or gynaecologist at your next visit.
You should have a pregnancy test before initiation of Bosentan Tablets and every month during the treatment even if you think that you are not pregnant.
Date of first monthly test:_
Do you currently use or take contraceptives? Yes No
If Yes, write the names of these here:
Take this card to your doctor or your gynaecologist at your next visit and he/she will be able to advise you on whether you need to use additional or alternative contraceptive methods.