Calcipotriol/Betamethasone 50 Micrograms Per G / 500 Micrograms Per G Ointment
Calcipotriol/Betamethasone 50 micrograms per g / 500 micrograms per g ointment
One gram of ointment contains 50 micrograms of calcipotriol (anhydrous) and 0.5 mg of betamethasone (as 0.643 mg betamethasone dipropionate).
Excipient(s) with known effect:
One gram of ointment contains 50 micrograms of butylhydroxytoluene (E321)
For a full list of excipients, see section 6.1.
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Topical treatment of stable plaque psoriasis vulgaris amenable to topical therapy in adults.
Calcipotriol/Betamethasone 50 micrograms per g / 500 micrograms per g ointment should be applied to the affected area once daily.
The recommended treatment period is 4 weeks. There is experience with repeated courses of calcipotriol/betamethasone up to 52 weeks. If it is necessary to continue or restart treatment after 4 weeks, treatment should be continued after medical review and under regular medical supervision.
When using calcipotriol containing medicinal products, the maximum daily dose should not exceed 15 g. The body surface area treated with calcipotriol containing medicinal products should not exceed 30 % (see section 4.4).
Renal and hepatic impairment
The safety and efficacy of Calcipotriol/Betamethasone ointment in patients with severe renal insufficiency or severe hepatic disorders have not been evaluated.
The safety and efficacy of Calcipotriol/Betamethasone ointment in children below 18 years have not been established. Currently available data in children aged 12 to 17 years are described in section 4.8 and 5.1 but no recommendation on a posology can be made.
Method of administration
Calcipotriol/Betamethasone ointment should be applied to the affected area. In order to achieve optimal effect, it is not recommended to take a shower or bath immediately after application of Calcipotriol/Betamethasone ointment.
Hypersensitivity to the active substances or to any of the excipients listed in section 6.1.
Calcipotriol/Betamethasone ointment is contraindicated in erythrodermic, exfoliative and pustular psoriasis.
Due to the content of calcipotriol, Calcipotriol/Betamethasone ointment is contraindicated in patients with known disorders of calcium metabolism.
Due to the content of corticosteroid, Calcipotriol/Betamethasone ointment is contraindicated in the following conditions: Viral (e.g. herpes or varicella) lesions of the skin, fungal or bacterial skin infections, parasitic infections, skin manifestations in relation to tuberculosis or syphilis, perioral dermatitis, atrophic skin, striae atrophicae, fragility of skin veins, ichthyosis, acne vulgaris, acne rosacea, rosacea, ulcers, wounds, perianal and genital pruritus.
Effects on endocrine system
Calcipotriol/Betamethasone ointment contains a potent group III steroid and concurrent treatment with other steroids must be avoided. Adverse reactions found in connection with systemic corticosteroid treatment, such as adrenocortical suppression or impact on the metabolic control of diabetes mellitus may occur also during topical corticosteroid treatment due to systemic absorption. Application under occlusive dressings should be avoided since it increases the systemic absorption of corticosteroids. Application on large areas of damaged skin and under occlusive dressings or on mucous membranes or in skin folds should be avoided since it increases the systemic absorption of corticosteroids (see section 4.8).
In a study in patients with both extensive scalp and extensive body psoriasis using a combination of high doses of calcipotriol/ betamethasone gel (scalp application) and high doses of Calcipotriol/Betamethasone ointment (body application), 5 of 32 patients showed a borderline decrease in cortisol response to adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) challenge after 4 weeks of treatment (see section 5.1).
Effects on calcium metabolism
Due to the content of calcipotriol, hypercalcaemia may occur if the maximum daily dose (15 g) is exceeded. Serum calcium is, however, quickly normalised when treatment is discontinued. The risk of hypercalcaemia is minimal when the recommendations relevant to calcipotriol are followed. Treatment of more than 30 % of the body surface should be avoided (see section 4.2).
Local adverse reactions
Skin of the face and genitals are very sensitive to corticosteroids. The medicinal product should not be used in these areas. The patient must be instructed in correct use of the medicinal product to avoid application and accidental transfer to the face, mouth and eyes. Hands must be washed after each application to avoid accidental transfer to these areas.
Concomitant skin infections
When lesions become secondarily infected, they should be treated with antimicrobiological therapy. However, if infection worsens, treatment with corticosteroids should be stopped.
Discontinuation of treatment
When treating psoriasis with topical corticosteroids there may be a risk of generalised pustular psoriasis or of rebound effects when discontinuing treatment. Medical supervision should therefore continue in the post-treatment period.
With long-term use there is an increased risk of local and systemic corticosteroid adverse reactions. The treatment should be discontinued in case of adverse reactions related to long-term use of corticosteroid (see section 4.8).
There is no experience for the use of Calcipotriol/Betamethasone ointment in guttate psoriasis.
Concurrent treatment and UV exposure
There is no experience for the use of this medicinal product on the scalp. Calcipotriol/Betamethasone ointment for body psoriasis lesions has been used in combination with calcipotriol/ betamethasone gel for scalp psoriasis lesions, but there is no experience of combination of calcipotriol/ betamethasone with other topical anti-psoriatic products at the same treatment area, other anti-psoriatic medicinal products administered systemically or with phototherapy.
During Calcipotriol/Betamethasone ointment treatment, physicians are recommended to advise patients to limit or avoid excessive exposure to either natural or artificial sunlight. Topical calcipotriol should be used with UVR only if the physician and patient consider that the potential benefits outweigh the potential risks (see section 5.3).
Calcipotriol/Betamethasone ointment contains butylhydroxytoluene (E321). This may cause local skin reactions (e.g. contact dermatitis), or irritation to the eyes and mucous membranes.
No interaction studies have been performed.
There are no adequate data from the use of Calcipotriol/Betamethasone ointment in pregnant women. Studies in animals with glucocorticoids have shown reproductive toxicity (see section 5.3), but a number of epidemiological studies have not revealed congenital anomalies among infants born to women treated with corticosteroids during pregnancy. The potential risk for humans is uncertain. Therefore, during pregnancy, Calcipotriol/Betamethasone ointment should only be used when the potential benefit justifies the potential risk.
Betamethasone passes into breast milk but risk of an adverse effect on the infant seems unlikely with therapeutic doses. There are no data on the excretion of calcipotriol in breast milk. Caution should be exercised when prescribing Calcipotriol/Betamethasone ointment to women who breast feed. The patient should be instructed not to use Calcipotriol/Betamethasone ointment on the breast when breast feeding.
Studies in rats with oral doses of calcipotriol or betamethasone dipropionate demonstrated no impairment of male and female fertility.
Calcipotriol/Betamethasone ointmenthas no or negligible influence on the ability to drive and to use machines.
The trial programme for calcipotriol/ betamethasone ointment has so far included more than 2,500 patients and has shown that approximately 10 % of patients can be expected to experience a non-serious undesirable effect.
These reactions are usually mild and cover mainly various skin reactions like rash, pruritus and burning sensation. Pustular psoriasis has been reported rarely. Rebound effect after end of treatment has been reported but the frequency of this is not known.
Based on data from clinical trials and postmarket use the following adverse reactions are listed for calcipotriol/ betamethasone ointment.
The adverse reactions are listed by MedDRA System Organ Class, and the individual adverse reactions are listed starting with the most frequently reported. Within each frequency grouping, the adverse reactions are listed in order of decreasing seriousness.
The following terminologies have been used in order to classify the frequencies of adverse reactions:
Very common > 1/10
Common >1/100 to <1/10
Uncommon > 1/1,000 to <1/100
Rare > 1/10,000 to <1/1,000
Very rare < 1/10,000
Not known (cannot be estimated from the available data)
Skin and subcutaneous tissue disorders
Burning sensation of skin
Exacerbation of psoriasis
Skin pain or irritation
Application site pigmentation changes
General disorders and administration site conditions
Rebound effect - see section 4.4
The following adverse reactions are considered to be related to the pharmacological classes of calcipotriol and betamethasone, respectively:
Adverse reactions include application site reactions, pruritus, skin irritation, burning and stinging sensation, dry skin, erythema, rash, dermatitis, eczema, psoriasis aggravated, photosensitivity and hypersensitivity reactions including very rare cases of angioedema and facial oedema.
Systemic effects after topical use may appear very rarely causing hypercalcaemia or hypercalciuria (see section 4.4).
Betamethasone (as dipropionate)
Local reactions can occur after topical use, especially during prolonged application, including skin atrophy, telangiectasia, striae, folliculitis, hypertrichosis, perioral dermatitis, allergic contact dermatitis, depigmentation and colloid milia. When treating psoriasis there may be a risk of generalised pustular psoriasis.
Systemic reactions due to topical use of corticosteroids are rare in adults, however they can be severe. Adrenocortical suppression, cataract, infections, impact on the metabolic control of diabetes mellitus and increase of intra-ocular pressure can occur, especially after long term treatment. Systemic reactions occur more frequently when applied under occlusion (plastic, skin folds), when applied on large areas and during long term treatment (see section 4.4).
In an uncontrolled open study, 33 adolescents aged 12-17 years with psoriasis vulgaris were treated with Calcipotriol/ Betamethasone ointment for 4 weeks to a maximum of 56 g per week. No new adverse events were observed and no concerns regarding the systemic corticosteroid effect were identified. The size of the study does not however allow firm conclusions regarding the safety profile of Calcipotriol/ Betamethasone ointment in children and adolescents.
Reporting of suspected adverse reactions
Reporting suspected adverse reactions after authorisation of the medicinal product is important. It allows continued monitoring of the benefit/risk balance of the medicinal product. Healthcare professionals are asked to report any suspected adverse reactions via the Yellow Card Scheme at: www.mhra.gov.uk/yellowcard
Use above the recommended dose may cause elevated serum calcium which should rapidly subside when treatment is discontinued.
Excessive prolonged use of topical corticosteroids may suppress the pituitary-adrenal functions resulting in secondary adrenal insufficiency which is usually reversible. In such cases symptomatic treatment is indicated.
In case of chronic toxicity the corticosteroid treatment must be discontinued gradually.
It has been reported that due to misuse one patient with extensive erythrodermic psoriasis treated with 240 g of Calcipotriol/Betamethasone ointment weekly (corresponding to a daily dose of approximately 34 g) for 5 months (maximum recommended dose 15 g daily) developed Cushing's syndrome and pustular psoriasis after abruptly stopping treatment.
Pharmacotherapeutic group: Antipsoriatics. Other antipsoriatics for topical use, Calcipotriol, combinations. ATC Code: D05AX52
Calcipotriol is a vitamin D analogue. In vitro data suggests that calcipotriol induces differentiation and suppresses proliferation of keratinocytes. This is the proposed basis for its effect in psoriasis.
Like other topical corticosteroids, betamethasone dipropionate has anti-inflammatory, antipruritic, vasoconstrictive and immunosuppresive properties, however, without curing the underlying condition. Through occlusion the effect can be enhanced due to increased penetration of the stratum corneum. The incidence of adverse events will increase because of this. The mechanism of the anti-inflammatory activity of the topical steroids, in general, is unclear.
A safety study in 634 psoriasis patients has investigated repeated courses of calcipotriol/ betamethasone ointment used once daily as required, either alone or alternating with Calcipotriol ointment, for up to 52 weeks, compared with Calcipotriol ointment used alone for 48 weeks after an initial course of calcipotriol/ betamethasone ointment. Adverse drug reactions were reported by 21.7 % of the patients in the calcipotriol/ betamethasone ointment group, 29.6 % in the calcipotriol/ betamethasone ointment/Calcipotriol alternating group and 37.9 % in the Calcipotriol group. The adverse drug reactions that were reported by more than 2 % of the patients in the calcipotriol/ betamethasone ointment group were pruritus (5.8 %) and psoriasis (5.3 %). Adverse events of concern possibly related to long-term corticosteroid use (e.g. skin atrophy, folliculitis, depigmentation, furuncle and purpura) were reported by 4.8 % of the patients in the calcipotriol/ betamethasone ointment group, 2.8 % in the calcipotriol/ betamethasone ointment/Calcipotriol alternating group and 2.9 % in the Calcipotriol group.
Adrenal response to ACTH was determined by measuring serum cortisol levels in patients with both extensive scalp and body psoriasis, using up to 106 g per week combined calcipotriol/ betamethasone gel and calcipotriol/ betamethasone ointment.
A borderline decrease in cortisol response at 30 minutes post ACTH challenge was seen in 5 of 32 patients (15.6 %) after 4 weeks of treatment and in 2 of 11 patients (18.2 %) who continued treatment until 8 weeks. In all cases, the serum cortisol levels were normal at 60 minutes post ACTH challenge. There was no evidence of change of calcium metabolism observed in these patients. With regard to HPA suppression, therefore, this study shows some evidence that very high doses of calcipotriol/ betamethasone gel and ointment may have a weak effect on the HPA axis.
The adrenal response to ACTH challenge was measured in an uncontrolled 4-week study in 33 adolescents aged 12-17 years with body psoriasis who used up to 56 g per week of Calcipotriol/ Betamethasone ointment. No cases of HPA axis suppression were reported. No hypercalcaemia was reported but one patient had a possible treatment related increase in urinary calcium.
Clinical studies with radiolabelled ointment indicate that the systemic absorption of calcipotriol and betamethasone from Calcipotriol/ Betamethasone ointment is less than 1 % of the dose (2.5 g) when applied to normal skin (625 cm2) for 12 hours. Application to psoriasis plaques and under occlusive dressings may increase the absorption of topical corticosteroids. Absorption through damaged skin is approx. 24
Following systemic exposure, both active ingredients - calcipotriol and betamethasone dipropionate - are rapidly and extensively metabolised. Protein binding is approx. 64 %. Plasma elimination half-life after intravenous application is 5-6 hours. Due to the formation of a depot in the skin elimination after dermal application is in order of days. Betamethasone is metabolised especially in the liver, but also in the kidneys to glucuronide and sulphate esters. The main route of excretion of calcipotriol is via faeces (rats and minipigs) and for betamethasone dipropionate it is via urine (rats and mice). In rats, tissue distribution studies with radiolabelled calcipotriol and betamethasone dipropionate, respectively, showed that the kidney and liver had the highest level of radioactivity.
Calcipotriol and betamethasone dipropionate were below the lower limit of quantification in all blood samples of 34 patients treated for 4 or 8 weeks with both Calcipotriol/ Betamethasone gel and Calcipotriol/ Betamethasone ointment for extensive psoriasis involving the body and scalp. One metabolite of calcipotriol and one metabolite of betamethasone dipropionate were quantifiable in some of the patients.
Studies of corticosteroids in animals have shown reproductive toxicity (cleft palate, skeletal malformations). In reproduction toxicity studies with long-term oral administration of corticosteroids to rats, prolonged gestation and prolonged and difficult labour were detected. Moreover, reduction in offspring survival, body weight and body weight gain was observed. There was no impairment of fertility. The relevance for humans is unknown.
A dermal carcinogenicity study with calcipotriol in mice revealed no special hazard to humans.
Photo(co)carcinogenicity studies in mice suggest that calcipotriol may enhance the effect of UVR to induce skin tumours.
No carcinogenicity or photocarcinogenicity studies have been performed with betamethasone dipropionate.
Polyoxypropylene-15 stearyl ether White soft paraffin Butylhydroxytoluene (E321)
In the absence of compatibility studies, this medicinal product must not be mixed with other medicinal products.
After first opening: 1 year
Do not store above 25°C.
Aluminium tubes with HDPE (high density polyethylene) closure. Inner tube coated with epoxy phenolic resin.
Tube sizes: 30, 60 and 120 g.
Not all pack sizes may be marketed.
No special requirements.
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