Gabapentin Genus Pharmaceuticals 400mg Hard Capsules
TEXT FOR NON-MARKETED PACKS
Read all of this leaflet carefully before you start taking this medicine because it contains important information for you.
- Keep this leaflet. You may need to read it again.
- If you have any further questions, ask your doctor or pharmacist.
- This medicine has been prescribed for you only. Do not pass it on to others. It may harm them, even if their signs of illness are the same as yours.
- If you get any side effects, talk to your doctor or pharmacist. This includes any
possible side effects not listed in this leaflet. See section 4._
1. What Gabapentin Genus Pharmaceuticals Capsules are and what they are used for
2. What you need to know before you take Gabapentin Genus Pharmaceuticals Capsules
3. How to take Gabapentin Genus Pharmaceuticals Capsules
4. Possible side effects
5. How to store Gabapentin Genus Pharmaceuticals Capsules
6. Contents of the pack and other information
Gabapentin belongs to a group of medicines used to treat epilepsy and peripheral neuropathic pain.
The active ingredient in Gabapentin Genus Pharmaceuticals Capsules is gabapentin.
Epilepsy: Gabapentin is used to treat various forms of epilepsy (a brain disorder involving repeated seizures). Your doctor will prescribe you Gabapentin to help treat your epilepsy when your current treatment is not fully controlling your condition. You should take Gabapentin in addition to your current treatment unless told otherwise.
The application of Gabapentin together with other epilepsy medicines is used to treat adults and children aged 6 years and above.
Gabapentin can also be used on its own to treat adults and children over 12 years of age.
Peripheral neuropathic pain (Neuropathy): Gabapentin is used to treat long lasting pain caused by damage to the nerves in adults. A variety of different diseases can cause peripheral (primarily occurring in the legs and/or arms) neuropathic pain, such as diabetes or shingles. Pain sensations may be described as hot, burning, throbbing, shooting, stabbing, sharp, cramping, aching, tingling, numbness, pins and needles etc.
• if you are allergic to gabapentin or any of the other ingredients of this medicine (listed in section 6).
Talk to your doctor or pharmacist before taking Gabapentin Genus Pharmaceuticals.
• if you develop thoughts of killing or harming yourself. A small number of people being treated with anti-epileptics such as gabapentin have had thoughts of harming or killing themselves. If at any time you have these thoughts, immediately contact your doctor.
• if you suffer from kidney problems please inform your doctor before taking Gabapentin
• if you are on haemodialysis (to remove waste products because of kidney failure), tell your doctor if you develop muscle pain and/or weakness
• if you develop signs such as persistent stomach pain, feeling sick and being sick contact your doctor immediately as these may be symptoms of acute pancreatitis (an inflamed pancreas).
A small number of people taking Gabapentin Genus Pharmaceuticals Capsules get an allergic reaction or potentially serious skin reaction, which may develop into more serious problems if they are not treated. You need to know these symptoms to look out for while you are taking Gabapentin.
Read the description of these symptoms in section 4 of this leaflet under ‘Contact your doctor immediately if you experience any of the following symptoms after taking this medicine as they can be serious ’
Muscle weakness, tenderness or pain and particularly, if at the same time, you feel unwell or have a high temperature it may be caused by an abnormal muscle breakdown which can be life-threatening and lead to kidney problems. You may also experience discolouration of your urine, and a change in blood test results (notably blood creatine phosphokinase increased). If you experience any of these signs or symptoms, please contact your doctor immediately.
Tell your doctor or pharmacist if you are taking, have recently taken or might take any other medicines.
If you are taking any medicines containing morphine, please tell your doctor or pharmacist as morphine may increase the effect of Gabapentin.
Gabapentin is not expected to affect other anti-epileptic drugs or the oral contraceptive pill.
Gabapentin may interfere with some laboratory tests, if you require a urine test tell your doctor or hospital that you are taking Gabapentin.
If Gabapentin Genus Pharmaceuticals Capsules and antacids (e.g. to treat heartburn or acid indigestion) containing aluminium and magnesium are taken at the same time, absorption of Gabapentin from the stomach may be reduced. It is therefore recommended that Gabapentin Genus Pharmaceuticals Capsules are taken at the earliest 2 hours after taking an antacid.
Gabapentin can be taken with or without food.
If you are pregnant or breast-feeding, think you may be pregnant or are planning to have a baby, ask your doctor or pharmacist for advice before taking this medicine.
Gabapentin should not be taken during pregnancy, unless you are told otherwise by your doctor. Effective contraception must be used by women of child-bearing potential.
There have been no studies specifically looking at the use of gabapentin in pregnant women, but other medications used to treat seizures have reported an increased risk of harm to the unborn child, particularly when more than one seizure medication is taken at the same time. Therefore, whenever possible and only under the advice of your doctor, you should try to take only one seizure medication during pregnancy.
Do not suddenly discontinue taking this medicine as this may lead to a breakthrough seizure, which could have serious consequences for you and your baby.
Contact your doctor immediately if you become pregnant, think you might be pregnant or are planning to become pregnant while taking Gabapentin Genus Pharmaceuticals Capsules
Gabapentin, the active substance of Gabapentin Genus Pharmaceuticals Capsules, is excreted in human milk. Because the effect on the nursing infant is unknown, it is not recommended to breast-feed your baby while using Gabapentin Genus Pharmaceuticals Capsules
Gabapentin may produce dizziness, drowsiness and tiredness. You should not drive, operate complex machinery or engage in other potentially hazardous activities until you know whether this medication affects your ability to perform these activities.
This medicinal product contains lactose. If you have been told by your doctor that you have an intolerance to some sugars, contact your doctor before taking this medicinal product.
Always take Gabapentin Genus Pharmaceuticals Capsules exactly as your doctor or pharmacist has told you. Check with your doctor or pharmacist if you are not sure.
Your doctor will determine what dose is appropriate for you.
If you have the impression that the effect of Gabapentin Genus Pharmaceuticals Capsules are too strong or too weak, talk to your doctor or pharmacist.
If you are an elderly patient (over 65 years of age), you can take Gabapentin Genus Pharmaceuticals Capsules normally except if you have problems with your kidneys (dose adjustment required).
Continue taking Gabapentin until your doctor tells you to stop.
Gabapentin is for oral use. Always swallow the capsules whole with plenty of water (e.g. a glass of water).
Take the number of capsules as instructed by your doctor. Your doctor will usually build up your dose gradually. The starting dose will generally be between 300 mg and 900 mg each day. Thereafter, the dose may be increased gradually up to a maximum of 3600 mg each day and your doctor will tell you to take this in 3 divided doses, i.e. once in the morning, once in the afternoon and once in the evening.
Adults and adolescents:
Take the number of capsules as instructed. Your doctor will usually build up your dose gradually. The starting dose will generally be between 300 mg and 900 mg each day. Thereafter, the dose may be increased gradually up to a maximum of 3600 mg each day and your doctor will tell you to take this in 3 divided doses, i.e. once in the morning, once in the afternoon and once in the evening.
The maximum time period between the doses should not exceed 12 hours to prevent breakthrough convulsions.
Children aged 6 years and above:
The dose to be given to your child will be decided by your doctor as it is calculated against your child’s weight. The treatment is started with a low initial dose which is gradually increased over a period of approximately 3 days. The usual dose to control epilepsy is 2535 mg per kilo of bodyweight per day. It is usually given in 3 divided doses, by taking the capsule(s) each day, usually once in the morning, once in the afternoon and once in the evening.
The maximum time period between the doses should not exceed 12 hours to prevent breakthrough convulsions.
Your doctor may prescribe a different dosing schedule and/or dose if you have problems with your kidneys or are undergoing haemodialysis.
Call your doctor or go to the nearest hospital emergency unit immediately. Take along any capsules that are left, the container and the label so that the hospital can easily tell what medicine you have taken.
Higher than recommended doses may result in an increase in undesirable effects including loss of consciousness, dizziness, double vision, slurred speech, drowsiness, lethargy and mild diarrhoea.
If you forget to take a dose, take it as soon as you remember unless it is time for your next dose. Do not take a double dose to make up for a forgotten dose.
Do not stop taking Gabapentin Genus Pharmaceuticals Capsules unless your doctor tells you to. If your treatment is stopped it should be done gradually over a minimum of 1 week. If you stop taking Gabapentin Genus Pharmaceuticals Capsules suddenly or before your doctor tells you, there is an increased risk of seizures.
If you have any further questions on the use of this medicine, ask your doctor or pharmacist.
Like all medicines, this medicine can cause side effects, although not everybody gets them.
Contact your doctor immediately if you experience any of the following symptoms after taking this medicine as they can be serious
• if you develop severe skin reactions like swelling of the lips and face, skin rash and redness (these may be symptoms of a serious allergic reaction)
• if you develop signs such as persistent stomach pain, feeling sick and being sick (symptoms of an inflammation of the pancreas)
• if you are on haemodialysis, tell your doctor if you develop muscle pain and/or weakness
• Gabapentin Genus Pharmaceuticals Capsules may cause a serious or life-threatening allergic reaction that may affect your skin or other parts of your body such as your liver or blood cells. You may or may not have rash when you get this type of reaction. It may cause you to be hospitalised or to stop Gabapentin Genus Pharmaceuticals. Capsules
• skin rash
• swollen glands that do not go away
• swelling of your lip and tongue
• yellowing of your skin or of the whites of the eyes
• unusual bruising or bleeding
• severe fatigue or weakness
• unexpected muscle pain
• frequent infections
These symptoms may be the first signs of a serious reaction. A doctor should examine you to decide if you should continue taking Gabapentin Genus Pharmaceuticals Capsules
The following frequencies are used in evaluating side effects:
• Viral infection
• Feeling drowsy, dizziness, lack of coordination
• Feeling tired, fever
• Pneumonia, respiratory infections, urinary tract infection, inflammation of the ear or other infections
• Low white blood cell counts
• Anorexia, increased appetite
• Anger towards others, confusion, mood changes, depression, anxiety, nervousness, difficulty with thinking
• Convulsions, jerky movements, difficulty with speaking, loss of memory, tremor, difficulty sleeping, headache, sensitive skin, decreased sensation (numbness), difficulty with coordination, unusual eye movement, increased, decreased or absent reflexes
• Blurred vision, double vision
• Vertigo (a specific type of dizziness)
• High blood pressure, flushing or dilation of blood vessels
• Difficulty breathing, bronchitis, sore throat, cough, dry or runny nose
• Vomiting (being sick), nausea (feeling sick), problems with teeth, inflamed gums, diarrhoea, stomach pain, indigestion, constipation, dry mouth or throat, flatulence
• Facial swelling, bruises, rash, itch, acne
• Joint pain, muscle pain, back pain, twitching
• Difficulties getting an erection (impotence)
• Swelling in the legs and arms, difficulty with walking, weakness, pain, feeling unwell, flulike symptoms
• Decrease in white blood cells, increase in weight
• Accidental injury, fracture, abrasion
Additionally in clinical studies in children, aggressive behaviour and jerky movements were reported as common.
• Allergic reactions such as hives
• Decreased movement
• Racing heart beat
• Swelling that may involve the face, trunk and limbs
• Abnormal blood test results suggesting problems with the liver
• Decreased platelets (blood clotting cells)
• Problems with abnormal movements such as writhing, jerking movements and stiffness
• Ringing in the ears
• Inflammation of the pancreas
• Inflammation of the liver, yellowing of the skin and eyes
• Severe skin reactions that require immediate medical attention, swelling of the lips and face, skin rash and redness, hair loss
• Acute kidney failure
• Adverse events following the abrupt discontinuation of gabapentin (anxiety, difficulty sleeping, feeling sick, pain, sweating), chest pain
• Increased breast tissue, breast enlargement
• Sudden unexplained life-threatening conditions have been reported but it was not clear whether this was due to treatment with gabapentin
• Blood glucose fluctuations in patients with diabetes, abnormal blood test results suggesting problems with the liver
• Breakdown of muscle fibres (rhabdomyolysis)
• Change in blood test results (creatine phosphokinase increased)
Reporting of side effects
If you get any side effects, talk to your doctor, pharmacist or nurse. This includes any possible side effects not listed in this leaflet. You can also report side effects directly via the Yellow Card Scheme at www.mhra.gov.uk/yellowcard. By reporting side effects you can help provide more information on the safety of this medicine.
Keep this medicine out of the sight and reach of children.
Do not use this medicine after the expiry date which is stated on the carton, bottle and blister. The expiry date refers to the last day of that month.
Do not store above 25 °C.
Bottles: Keep the container tightly closed.
The capsules in bottles can be used for 12 weeks after first opening the bottle.
Blisters: Store in the original package. Keep blister in the outer carton.
Do not throw away any medicines via wastewater or household waste. Ask your pharmacist how to throw away medicines you no longer use. These measures will help protect the environment.
Gabapentin Genus Pharmaceuticals 100 mg hard capsules
The active substance is gabapentin. Each capsule, hard contains 100 mg gabapentin. Gabapentin Genus Pharmaceuticals 300 mg hard capsules,
The active substance is gabapentin. Each capsule, hard contains 300 mg gabapentin. Gabapentin Genus Pharmaceuticals 400 mg hard capsules,
The active substance is gabapentin. Each capsule, hard contains 400 mg gabapentin.
• The other ingredients in Gabapentin Genus Pharmaceuticals capsules are:
Lactose anhydrous, maize starch, talc.
Gelatine, titanium dioxide (E171).
In addition: 300 mg capsules contain iron oxide yellow (E 172).
In addition: 400 mg capsules contain iron oxide yellow (E 172), iron oxide red (E 172).
Gabapentin Genus Pharmaceuticals 100 mg hard capsules,
Hard gelatine capsule (size 3), with white opaque body and cap.
Gabapentin Genus Pharmaceuticals 300 mg hard capsules Hard gelatine capsule (size 1), with yellow opaque body and cap.
Gabapentin Genus Pharmaceuticals 400 mg hard capsules,
Hard gelatine capsule (size 0), with orange opaque body and cap.
PVC/Alu blister or HDPE bottle with PP cap. The liner is made from polystyrene foam coated on one side with an EvaWax pressure sensitive adhesive.
5, 10, 14, 20, 28, 30, 40, 42, 50, 56, 60, 70, 84, 90, 98, 100, 112, 120, 140, 150, 200 (2x100), 210, 250, 300, 400, 500, 1000 capsules.
As hospital pack only: 500 (5x100), 1000 (10x100) capsules.
Unit dose: 20x1, 60x1, 100x1 capsule.
50, 100, 250 capsules
Not all pack sizes may be marketed.
Genus Pharmaceuticals, Linthwaite, Huddersfield, HD7 5QH, United Kingdom
STADA Arzneimittel AG Stadastr. 2-18, D-61118 Bad Vilbel Germany
Centrafarm Services B.V.
Nieuwe Donk 9, 4879 Etten-Leur The Netherlands
Veedijk 59, 2300 Turnhout Belgium
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Gabapentin Genus Pharmaceuticals 400 mg hard capsules