Valsartan And Hydrochlorothiazide 160/25mg Film-Coated Tablets
PACKAGE LEAFLET: INFORMATION FOR THE USER Valsartan/Hydrochlorothiazide 80 mg/12.5 mg Film-coated Tablets Valsartan/Hydrochlorothiazide 160 mg/12.5 mg Film-coated Tablets Valsartan/Hydrochlorothiazide 160 mg/25 mg Film-coated Tablets (Valsartan and Hydrochlorothiazide)
Read all of this leaflet carefully before you start taking this medicine because it contains important information for you.
• Keep this leaflet. You may need to read it again.
• If you have any further questions, ask your doctor or pharmacist.
• This medicine has been prescribed for you only. Do not pass it on to others. It may harm them, even if their signs of illness are the same as yours.
• If you get any side effects, talk to your doctor or pharmacist. This includes any possible side effects not listed in this leaflet. See section 4.
1. What Valsartan/Hydrochlorothiazide is and what it is used for
2. What you need to know before you take Valsartan/Hydrochlorothiazide
3. How to take Valsartan/Hydrochlorothiazide
4. Possible side effects
5. How to store Valsartan/Hydrochlorothiazide
6. Contents of the pack and other information
Valsartan/Hydrochlorothiazide tablets film-coated tablets contain two active substances called valsartan and hydrochlorothiazide. Both of these substances help to control high blood pressure (hypertension).
• Valsartan belongs to a class of medicines known as “angiotensin II receptor antagonists”, which help to control high blood pressure. Angiotensin II is a substance in the body that causes vessels to tighten, thus causing your blood pressure to increase. Valsartan works by blocking the effect of angiotensin II. As a result, blood vessels relax and blood pressure is lowered.
• Hydrochlorothiazide belongs to a group of medicines called thiazide diuretics (also known as “water tablets”). Hydrochlorothiazide increases urine output, which also lowers blood pressure.
Valsartan/Hydrochlorothiazide tablets are used to treat high blood pressure which is not adequately controlled by a single substance alone.
High blood pressure increases the workload of the heart and arteries. If not treated, it can damage the blood vessels of the brain, heart, and kidneys, and may result in a stroke, heart failure or kidney failure. High blood pressure increases the risk of heart attacks. Lowering your blood pressure to normal reduces the risk of developing these disorders.
• if you are allergic (hypersensitive) to valsartan, hydrochlorothiazide, sulphonamide derivatives (substances chemically related to hydrochlorothiazide) or to any of the other ingredients of Valsartan/Hydrochlorothiazide tablets (listed in section 6)
• if you are more than 3 months pregnant (it is also better to avoid Valsartan/Hydrochlorothiazide tablets in early pregnancy - see pregnancy section)
• if you have severe liver disease, destruction of the small bile ducts within the liver (biliary cirrhosis) leading to the buoild up of bile in the liver (cholestasis)
• if you have severe kidney disease
• if you are unable to urinate (anuria)
• if you are treated with an artificial kidney
• if the level of potassium or sodium in your blood is lower than normal, or if the level of calcium in your blood is higher than normal despite treatment
• if you have gout
• if you are treated with an artificial kidney
• if you have diabetes or impaired kidney function and you are treated with a blood pressure lowering medicine called aliskiren.
Talk to your doctor or pharmacist before taking Valsartan/Hydrochlorothiazide tablets
• if you are taking potassium-sparing medicines, potassium supplements, salt substitutes containing potassium or other medicines that increase the amount of potassium in your
blood such as heparin. Your doctor may need to check the amount of potassium in your blood regularly
• if you have low levels of potassium in your blood
• if you have diarrhoea or severe vomiting
• if you are taking high doses of water tablets (diuretics)
• if you have severe heart disease
• if you are suffering from heart failure or have experienced a heart attack. Follow your doctor’s instruction for the starting dose carefully. Your doctor may also check your kidney function.
• if you suffer from a narrowing of the kidney artery
• if you have recently received a new kidney
• if you suffer from hyperaldosteronism. This is a disease in which your adrenal glands make too much of the hormone aldosterone. If this applies to you, the use of Valsartan/Hydrochlorothiazide tablets is not recommended
• if you have liver or kidney disease
• if you have ever experienced swelling of the tongue and face caused by an allergic reaction called angioedema when taking another drug (including ACE inhibitors), tell your doctor. If these symptoms occur when you are taking Valsartan/Hydrochlorothiazide tablets, stop taking Valsartan/Hydrochlorothiazide tablets immediately and never take it again. See also section 4, “Possible side effects”
• if you have fever, rash and joint pain, which may be signs of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE, a so-called autoimmune disease)
• if you have diabetes, gout, high levels of cholesterol or fats in your blood
• if you have had allergic reactions with the use of other blood pressure-lowering agents of this class (angiotensin II receptor antagonists) or if you have allergy or asthma
• if you experience a decrease in vision or eye pain. These could be symptoms of an increase of pressure in your eye and can happen within hours to a week of taking Valsartan/Hydrochlorothiazide tablets. This can lead to permanent vision loss, if not treated. If you earlier have had a penicillin or sulphonamide allergy you can be at higher risk of developing this
• it may cause increased sensitivity of the skin to sun
• the use of Valsartan/Hydrochlorothiazide tablets in children and adolescents below the age of 18 years is not recommended
• you must tell your doctor if you think you are (or might become) pregnant. Co-Diovan is not recommended in early pregnancy, and must not be taken if you are more than 3 months pregnant, as it may cause serious harm to your baby if used at that stage (see pregnancy section).
• if you are taking any of the following medicines used to treat high blood pressure:
- an ACE inhibitor (for example enalapril, lisinopril, ramipril), in particular if you have diabetes-releated kidney problems
Your doctor may check your kidney function, blood pressure, and the amount of electrolytes (e.g. potassium) in your blood at regular intervals.
See also information under the heading “Do not take Valsartan/Hydrochlorothiazide tablets”. Other medicines and Valsartan/Hydrochlorothiazide tablets
Tell your doctor of pharmacist if you are taking, have recently taken or might take any other medicines.
The effect of the treatment can be influenced if Valsartan/Hydrochlorothiazide tablets are taken together with certain other medicines. It may be necessary to change the dose, to take other precautions, or in some cases to stop taking one of the medicines. This especially applies to the following medicines:
• Lithium, a medicine used to treat some types of psychiatric diseases
• Medicines or substances that may increase the amount of potassium in your blood. These include potassium supplements or salt substitutes containing potassium, potassiumsparing medicines and heparin
• Medicines that may reduce the amount of potassium in your blood, such as diuretics (water tablets), corticosteroids, laxatives, carbenoxolone, amphotericin or penicillin G
• Some antibiotics (rifamycin group), a drug used to protect against transplant rejection (ciclosporin) or an antiretroviral drug used to treat HIV/AIDS infection (ritonavir). These drugs may increase the effect of Valsartan/Hydrochlorothiazide tablets
• Medicines that may induce “torsades de pointes” (irregular heart beat), such as antiarrhythmics (medicines used to treat heart problems) and some antipsychotics.
• Medicines that may reduce the amount of sodium in your blood, such as antidepressants, antipsychotics, antiepileptics.
• Medicines for the treatment of gout, such as allopurinol, probenecid, sulfinpyrazone.
• Therapeutic vitamin D and calcium supplements.
• Medicines for the treatment of diabetes (oral agents such as metformin or insulins).
• Other medicines to lower your blood pressure including methyldopa, ACE inhibitors (such as enalapril, lisinopril, etc.) or aliskiren (see also information under the headings “Do not take Valsartan/Hydrochlorothiazide tablets” and “Warnings and precautions”
• Medicines to increase blood pressure, such as noradrenaline or adrenaline.
• Digoxin or other digitalis glycosides (medicines used to treat heart problems).
• Medicines that may increase blood sugar levels, such as diazoxide or beta blockers
• Cytotoxic medicines (used to treat cancer), such as methotrexate or cyclophosphamide.
• Pain killers such as non-steroidal anti-inflammatory agents (NSAIDs), including selective cyclooxygenase-2 inhibitors (Cox-2 inhibitors) and acetylsalicylic acid > 3 g.
• Muscle relaxing medicines, such as tubocurarine
• Anti-cholinergic medicines (medicines used to treat a variety of disorders such as gastrointestinal cramps, urinary bladder spasm, asthma, motion sickness, muscular spasms, Parkinson's disease and as an aid to anaesthesia)
• Amantadine (medicine used to treat Parkinson’s disease and also to treat or prevent certain illnesses caused by viruses)
• Cholestyramine and colestipol (medicines used mainly to treat high levels of fats in the blood)
• Ciclosporin, a medicine used for organ transplant to avoid organ rejection
• Alcohol, sleeping pills and anaesthetics (medicines with sleeping or painkilling effect used for example during surgery)
• Iodine contrast media (agents used for imaging examinations)
You can take Valsartan/Hydrochlorothiazide tablets with or without food. Avoid taking alcohol until you have talked to your doctor. Alcohol may make your blood pressure fall more and/or increase the risk of you becoming dizzy or feeling faint.
Ask your doctor or pharmacist for advice before taking any medicine.
Your doctor will normally advise you to stop taking Valsartan/Hydrochlorothiazide tablets before you become pregnant or as soon as you know you are pregnant, and will advise you to take another medicine instead of Valsartan/Hydrochlorothiazide tablets. Valsartan/Hydrochlorothiazide tablets is not recommended in early pregnancy, and must not be taken when more than 3 months pregnant, as it may cause serious harm to your baby if it is used after the third month of pregnancy.
Valsartan/Hydrochlorothiazide tablets is not recommended for mothers who are breastfeeding, and your doctor may choose another treatment for you if you wish to breast-feed, especially if your baby is newborn, or was born prematurely.
Before you drive a vehicle, use tools or operate machines or carry out other activities that require concentration, make sure you know how Valsartan/Hydrochlorothiazide tablets affects you. Like many other medicines used to treat high blood pressure, Valsartan/Hydrochlorothiazide tablets may occasionally cause dizziness and affect the ability to concentrate.
Always take this medicine exactly as your doctor or pharmacist has told you. Check with your doctor or pharmacist if you are not sure.
People with high blood pressure often do not notice any signs of this problem. Many may feel quite normal. This makes it all the more important for you to keep your appointments with your doctor even if you are feeling well.
Your doctor will tell you exactly how many tablets of Valsartan/Hydrochlorothiazide to take. Depending on how you respond to the treatment, your doctor may suggest a higher or lower dose.
• The usual dose of Valsartan/Hydrochlorothiazide is one tablet per day.
• Do not change the dose or stop taking the tablets without consulting your doctor.
• The medicine should be taken at the same time each day, usually in the morning
• You can take Valsartan/Hydrochlorothiazide tablets with or without food.
• Swallow the tablet with a glass of water.
If you experience severe dizziness and/or fainting, lay down and contact your doctor immediately.
If you have accidentally taken too many tablets, contact your doctor, pharmacist or hospital.
If you forget to take a dose, take it as soon as you remember. However, if it is almost time for your next dose, skip the dose you missed.
Do not take a double dose to make up for a forgotten dose.
Stopping your treatment with Valsartan/Hydrochlorothiazide tablets may cause your high blood pressure to get worse. Do not stop taking your medicine unless your doctor tells you to.
Like all medicines, this medicine can cause side effects, although not everybody gets them.
These side effects may occur with certain frequencies, which are defined as follows:
• very common: may affect more than 1 in 10 people
• common: may affect up to 1 in 10 people
• uncommon: may affect up to 1 in 100 people
• rare: may affect up to 1 in 1,000 people
• very rare: may affect up to 1 in 10,000 people
• not known: frequency cannot be estimated from the available data
You should see your doctor immediately if you experience symptoms of angioedema, such as:
• swollen face, tongue or pharynx
• difficulty in swallowing
• hives and difficulties in breathing
If you get any of these symptoms, stop taking Valsartan/Hydrochlorothiazide tablets and contact your doctor straight away (see also section 2 “Warnings and Precautions”).
• low blood pressure
• dehydration (with symptoms of thirst, dry mouth and tongue, infrequent urination, dark colored urine, dry skin)
• muscle pain
• tingling or numbness
• blurred vision
• noises (e.g. hissing, buzzing) in ears
• joint pain
• breathing difficulty
• severely decreased urine output
• low level of sodium in the blood (sometimes with nausea, tiredness, confusion, muscle twitching and/ or convulsions in severr cases)
• low level of potassium in the blood (sometimes with muscle weakness, muscle spasms, abnormal heart rhythm)
• low level of white cells in the blood (with symptoms such as fever, skin infections, sore throat or mouth ulcers due to infections, weakness)
• the level of bilirubin increased in blood (which can, in severe cases, trigger yellow skin and eyes)
• the level of blood urea nitrogen and creatinine increased in blood (which can indicate abnormal kidney function)
• the level of uric acid in blood increased (which can, in severe cases, trigger gout)
• syncope (fainting)
• spinning sensation
• abdominal pain
• skin rash with or without itching together with some of the following signs or symptoms: fever, joint pain, muscle pain, swollen lymph nodes and/or flu-like symptoms
• rash, purplished-red spots, fever, itching (symptoms of inflammation of blood vessels)
• low level of blood platelets (sometimes with unusual bleeding or bruising)
• high level of potassium in the blood (sometimes with muscle spasms, abnormal heart rhythm)
• allergic reactions (with symptoms such as rash, itching, hives, difficulty breathing or swallowing, dizziness)
• swelling mainly of the face and throat; rash; itching
• elevation of liver function values
• the level of haemoglobin decreased and the percentage of red cells decreased in the blood (which both can, in severe cases, trigger an anaemia).
• low level of sodium in the blood (which can trigger tiredness, confusion, muscle twitching and/or convulsions in severe cases)
Hydrochlorothi azide Very common:
• low level of potassium in the blood
• increase of fats in the blood
• low level of sodium in the blood
• low level of magnesium in the blood
• high level of uric acid in the blood
• itchy rash and other types of rash
• reduced appetite
• mild nausea (feeling sick) and vomiting (being sick)
• dizziness, fainting on standing up
• inability to achieve or maintain erection
• swelling and blistering of the skin (due to increased sensitivity to sun)
• high level of calcium in the blood
• high level of sugar in the blood
• sugar in the urine
• worsening or diabetic metabolic state
• constipation, diarrhea, discomfort of the stomach or bowels, liver disorders which can occur together with yellow skin and eyes
• irregular heart beat
• sleep disturbances
• sad mood (depression)
• low level of blood platelets (sometimes with bleeding or bruising underneath the skin)
• tingling or numbness
• vision disorder
• inflammation of blood vessels with symptoms such as rash, purplish-red spots, fever (vasculitis)
• rash, itching, hives, difficulty breathing or swallowing, dizziness (hypersensitivity reactions)
• severe skin disease that causes rash, red skin, blistering of the lips, eyes or mouth, skin peeling, fever (toxic epidermal necrolysis)
• facial rash, joint pain, muscle disorder, fever (lupus erythematosus)
• severe upper stomach pain (pancreatitis)
• difficulty breathing with fever, coughing, wheezing, breathlessness (respiratory distress including pneumonitis and pulmonary oedema)
• fever, sore throat, more frequent infections (agranulocytosis)
• pale skin, tiredness, breathlessness, dark urine (haemolytic anaemia)
• fever, sore throat or mouth ulcers due to infections (leucopenia)
• confusion, tiredness, muscle twitching and spasm, rapid breathing (hypochloraemic alkalosis)
• weakness, bruising and frequent infections (aplastic anemia)
• severely decreased urine output (possible signs of renal disorder or renal failure)
• decrease in vision or pain in your eyes due to high pressure (possible signs of acute angle-closure glaucoma)
• rash, red skin, blistering of the lips, eyes or mouth, skin peeling, fever (possible signs of erythema multiforme)
• muscle spasm
• fever (pyrexia)
• weakness (asthenia)
If you get any side effects, talk to your doctor or pharmacist. This includes any possible side effects not listed in this leaflet.
You can also report side effects directly via the Yellow Card Scheme at: www.mhra.gov.uk/yellowcard. By reporting side effects you can help provide more information on the safety of this medicine
Keep this medicine out of the sight and reach of children.
Do not use this medicine after the expiry date which is stated on the carton after EXP. The expiry date refers to the last day of that month.
This medicinedoes not require any special temperature storage conditions. Store in the original package to protect from moisture.
Do not throw away medicines via wastewater or household waste. Ask your pharmacist how to throw away medicines you no longer use. These measures will help to protect the environment.
Valsartan/Hydrochlorothiazide tablets contains two active ingredients: Valsartan and Hydrochlorothiazide.
Valsartan/Hydrochlorothiazide tablets are available in three strengths: 80 mg/12.5 mg, 160 mg/12.5 mg and 160 mg/25 mg Film-coated Tablets.
Each Valsartan/Hydrochlorothiazide 80 mg/12.5 mg Film-coated Tablets contains 80 mg valsartan and 12.5 mg hydrochlorothiazide.
Each Valsartan/Hydrochlorothiazide 160 mg/12.5 mg Film-coated Tablets contains 160 mg valsartan and 12.5 mg hydrochlorothiazide.
Each Valsartan/Hydrochlorothiazide 160 mg/25 mg, Film-coated Tablets contains 160 mg valsartan and 25 mg hydrochlorothiazide.
The other ingredients are:
Tablet Core: Microcrystalline cellulose, Crospovidone, Silica Colloidal Anhydrous, Talc, Magnesium stearate, Starch Pregelatinsed
Tablet Coating: Hydroxypropyl cellulose, Hypromellose, Titanium dioxide (E171).
Besides this Valsartan/Hydrochlorothiazide 160 mg/12.5 mg Film-coated Tablets also contain yellow iron oxide (E172) and red iron oxide (E172).
Valsartan/Hydrochlorothiazide 80 mg/12.5 mg tablets are white to off white, film coated, oval shaped tablets debossed with “VH 1” on one side and plain on the other side. They are supplied in the blister packs containing 10, 14, 20, 28, 30, 56, 90, 98, 100 and 280 tablets.
Valsartan/Hydrochlorothiazide 160 mg/12.5 mg tablets are peach coloured, film coated, oval shaped tablets debossed with “VH 2” on one side and plain on the other side. They are supplied in the blister packs containing 10, 14, 20, 28, 30, 56, 90, 98, 100 and 280 tablets.
Valsartan/Hydrochlorothiazide 160 mg/25 mg tablets are white to off white, film coated, oval shaped tablets debossed with “VH 3” on one side and plain on the other side. They are supplied in the blister packs containing 10, 14, 20, 28, 30, 56, 90, 98, 100 and 280 tablets Not all pack sizes are marketed.
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