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Vaminolact

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SUMMARY OF PRODUCT CHARACTERISTICS 1 NAME OF THE MEDICINAL PRODUCT


Vaminolact solution for infusion


2 QUALITATIVE AND QUANTITATIVE COMPOSITION


Amino acids


Amount


Alanine Ph Eur Arginine Ph Eur Aspartic acid Ph Eur Cysteine/Cystine Glutamic acid Ph Eur Glycine BP Histidine USP Isoleucine Ph Eur Leucine Ph Eur Lysine

Methionine Ph Eur Phenylalanine Ph Eur Proline Ph Eur Serine Ph Eur Taurine Threonine USP Tryptophan USP Tyrosine USP Valine Ph Eur

in each 1000 ml

For a full list of excipients, see section 6.1


6.3    grams

4.1    grams

4.1    grams

1.0    grams

7.1    grams

2.1    grams

2.1    grams

3.1    grams 7.0 grams

5.6    grams

1.3    grams

2.7    grams

5.6    grams

3.8    grams 0.3 grams

3.6    grams

1.4    grams 0.5 grams

3.6    grams


Product properties

Amino acids Total nitrogen Acetate Energy Osmolality

pH


65.3    g/l

9.3    g/l corresponding to 58 g/l protein Nil

240 kcal (1.0 MJ)/l 510 mosmol/kg water 5.2


Free from antioxidant additives, chlorides and other inorganic electrolytes.


3


PHARMACEUTICAL FORM


Solution for infusion.

Solution of amino acids for intravenous infusion in parenteral nutrition.

4    CLINICAL PARTICULARS

4.1.    Therapeutic Indications

Clinical conditions in children when enteral supply of protein is insufficient, undesirable or impossible.


4.2 Posology and method of administration


Infants and children


Body weight (kg)


Dosage

ml/kg bw/24 hours


Neonates (including LBW) and infants (up to 10 kg)

during the first week of life)


Up to 10    8 - 35

(To be increased gradually


Solution should be administered as a continuous infusion over 24 hours using a suitable pump.

Body weight    Dosage

(kg)    ml/kg bw/24 hours

Children    10

20 30 40 >40


24

18.5 16

14.5

**


The solution should be infused over 24 hours. (**0.5-2.0 litres per 24 hours or 0.8-1.6 g amino acid/kg bw/day. Infusion should be at a rate of 2.0-2.8 ml per minute (40-55 drops per minute). This corresponds to an infusion time of approximately 6-8 hours per litre).

Adults (including the elderly)

There is no relevant use of Vaminolact in adults or the elderly.


Method of administration


For intravenous use only.


To achieve optimum utilisation of administered amino acids, adequate energy sources, e.g. glucose and lipid emulsion (Intralipid®) should be provided together with electrolytes, trace elements (Peditrace® or Additrace®) and vitamins (Solivito® N, Vitlipid® N Infant or Vitlipid® N Adult).

As with all infusions, care should be taken to avoid complications of catherisation including air embolism and central venous thrombosis. Strict asepsis should be maintained especially in the immunosuppressed patient.

Hypertonic preparations such as amino acid solutions and concentrated glucose solutions are commonly infused into a central vein. Vaminolact may also be infused into a peripheral vein when given simultaneously with a fat emulsion (Intralipid) through the same cannula, since the reduced osmolality of the overall mixture may reduce the risk of thrombophlebitis.

For safe administration of intravenous fluids from non-collapsible containers, a giving set with integral airway is recommended.

4.3 Contraindications

Vaminolact is contraindicated in patients with irreversible liver damage and in severe uraemia where dialysis facilities are not available.

Hypersensitivity to the active substances or to any of the excipients listed in section 6.1.

4.4.    Special Warnings and Special Precautions for Use

In extremely sick, premature and small babies requiring neonatal intensive care, liver function is likely to be immature and/or disturbed. Amino acids which, to a large extent, are metabolised by the liver may therefore accumulate in plasma. In this clinical condition, monitoring of amino acid concentration during therapy is advisable.

Care must be exercised in the administration of large volume infusion fluids to patients with cardiac insufficiency. Amino acid infusions must also be administered with caution to patients with disturbances in protein metabolism. Hyperkalaemia, hypernatraemia and acidosis should be corrected prior to commencement of intravenous nutrition; serum electrolytes, blood glucose levels, acid base balance and fluid levels should be regularly monitored.

4.5.    Interactions with other Medicinal Products and other Forms of Interaction

Amino acid solutions may precipitate acute folate deficiency and folic acid should be given daily.

4.6 Fertility, pregnancy and lactation

There are no or limited amount of data from the use of Vaminolact in pregnant women.

4.7    Effects on ability to drive and use machines

Not relevant.

4.8    Undesirable effects

Nausea may occur rarely. Thrombophlebitis may occur when peripheral veins are used, but the incidence is reduced by the simultaneous infusion of a fat emulsion.

Abnormal liver function tests have been observed during intravenous infusion, but these return to normal when artificial feeding is stopped. Cholestasis has been reported in some patients receiving intravenous nutrition.

Reporting of suspected adverse reactions

Reporting of suspected adverse reactions after authorisation of the medicinal product is important. It allows continued monitoring of the benefit/risk balance of the medicinal product. Healthcare professionals are asked to report any suspected adverse reactions via the Yellow Card scheme at www.mhra.gov.uk/yellowcard.

4.9. Overdose

Infusion rates and volumes should be carefully monitored in infants.

Excessive infusion rates may result in nausea, vomiting, flushing and sweating. The effects of overdosage are likely to be due to the volume infused and the hypertonicity of the solution, i.e. circulatory overload. The amount required to produce this effect will vary depending on the patient's age, weight and general condition. There are no specific antidotes for overdosage.

In cases of suspicion of overdosage the infusion should be stopped.

Emergency procedures should be general supportive measures, respiratory and cardiovascular. Close biochemical monitoring would be essential and specific abnormalities treated appropriately, perhaps by the careful infusion of hypotonic solutions and concomitant diuretic therapy, and administration of sodium bicarbonate for metabolic acidosis.

5 PHARMACOLOGICAL PROPERTIES

Pharmacodynamic properties

5.1


Vaminolact is formulated to supply essential and non essential amino acids based on the protein profile of human breast milk. It includes taurine (2 aminoethane), a sulphonic amino acid and an end product of methionine and cysteine metabolism. Endogenous formation of taurine is either absent or limited in the neonate and due to the lack of necessary enzymes; taurine is considered an essential amino acid in the neonate. It has been demonstrated that taurine plays an important role in growth, development of the brain and maturation of retinal function and is also involved in hepatic biliary conjugation, especially in the neonate where bile acids are conjugated almost exclusively with taurine until some time after birth. Vaminolact also includes cysteine and tyrosine which seem to be essential for neonates.

5.2. Pharmacokinetic Properties

The distribution and metabolism of intravenously infused amino acids is well known and is similar to that of dietary protein. However, there are differences, one of which is that when dietary protein is metabolised, the liver is exposed to high concentrations of amino acids as the protein enters the systemic system via the portal vein and the liver.

With slow infusion of Vaminolact the amino acids enter the systemic circulation directly and hence the excessive elevation of plasma amino acids and urinary loss is avoided. Taurine is metabolised mainly by urinary excretion and by conjugation with bile acids.

5.3. Pre-clinical Safety Data

There are no preclinical data of relevance to the prescriber which are additional to that already included in other sections of the Summary of Product Characteristics.

6 PHARMACEUTICAL PARTICULARS

6.1. List of Excipients

Water for injections, Ph Eur.

6.2. Incompatibilities

Additions to Vaminolact should only be made where compatibility is known.

6.3 Shelf life

2 years

6.4. Special Precautions for Storage

Do not store above 25°C. Do not freeze.

6.5    Nature and contents of container

Lightweight glass bottle (Ph Eur, Type II) sealed with a butyl rubber stopper containing 100 or 500 ml of solution.

Pack size:

12 x 100 ml 12 x 500 ml

10 x 100 ml 10 x 500 ml

Not all pack sizes may be marketed.

6.6    Special precautions for disposal

Do not use if the bottle is leaking or if the solution is cloudy or contains a precipitate. Any unused medicinal product or waste material should be disposed of in accordance with local requirements.

Electrolyte requirements should be individually assessed.

All additions should be made aseptically.

The manufacturer can be contacted for full information on complete and balanced intravenous nutrition regimens

7    MARKETING AUTHORISATION HOLDER

Fresenius Kabi Limited

Cestrian Court

Eastgate Way

Manor Park

Runcorn

Cheshire

WA7 1NT

8.    MARKETING AUTHORISATION NUMBER(S)

PL 8828/0123

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DATE OF FIRST AUTHORISATION/RENEWAL OF THE AUTHORISATION

Date of first authorisation: 09 February 2009

DATE OF REVISION OF THE TEXT

22/03/2016